Rx Drugs Info

baraclude (ENTECAVIRtablet, film coated 
baraclude (ENTECAVIRsolution 
[Bristol-Myers Squibb]

Patient Information Included

WARNINGS

Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis, including fatal cases, have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogues alone or in combination with antiretrovirals.

Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients who have discontinued anti-hepatitis B therapy, including entecavir. Hepatic function should be monitored closely with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who discontinue anti-hepatitis B therapy. If appropriate, initiation of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted (see WARNINGS: Exacerbations of Hepatitis after Discontinuation of Treatment).

Limited clinical experience suggests there is a potential for the development of resistance to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors if BARACLUDE is used to treat chronic hepatitis B virus infection in patients with HIV infection that is not being treated. Therapy with BARACLUDE is not recommended for HIV/HBV co-infected patients who are not also receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). See WARNINGS: Co-infection with HIV.

DESCRIPTION

BARACLUDE® is the tradename for entecavir, a guanosine nucleoside analogue with selective activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV). The chemical name for entecavir is 2-amino-1,9-dihydro-9-[(1S,3R,4S)-4-hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylenecyclopentyl]-6H-purin-6-one, monohydrate. Its molecular formula is C12H15N5O3•H2O, which corresponds to a molecular weight of 295.3. Entecavir has the following structural formula:

Image from Drug Label Content

Entecavir is a white to off-white powder. It is slightly soluble in water (2.4 mg/mL), and the pH of the saturated solution in water is 7.9 at 25° ± 0.5° C.

BARACLUDE film-coated tablets are available for oral administration in strengths of 0.5 mg and 1 mg of entecavir. BARACLUDE 0.5-mg and 1-mg film-coated tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, crospovidone, povidone, and magnesium stearate. The tablet coating contains titanium dioxide, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400, polysorbate 80 (0.5-mg tablet only), and iron oxide red (1-mg tablet only). BARACLUDE Oral Solution is available for oral administration as a ready-to-use solution containing 0.05 mg of entecavir per milliliter. BARACLUDE Oral Solution contains the following inactive ingredients: maltitol, sodium citrate, citric acid, methylparaben, propylparaben, and orange flavor.

MICROBIOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

Entecavir, a guanosine nucleoside analogue with activity against HBV polymerase, is efficiently phosphorylated to the active triphosphate form, which has an intracellular half-life of 15 hours. By competing with the natural substrate deoxyguanosine triphosphate, entecavir triphosphate functionally inhibits all three activities of the HBV polymerase (reverse transcriptase, rt): (1) base priming, (2) reverse transcription of the negative strand from the pregenomic messenger RNA, and (3) synthesis of the positive strand of HBV DNA. Entecavir triphosphate is a weak inhibitor of cellular DNA polymerases α, β, and δ and mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ with Ki values ranging from 18 to >160 µM.

Antiviral Activity

Entecavir inhibited HBV DNA synthesis (50% reduction, EC50) at a concentration of 0.004 µM in human HepG2 cells transfected with wild-type HBV. The median EC50 value for entecavir against lamivudine-resistant HBV (rtL180M, rtM204V) was 0.026 µM (range 0.010-0.059 µM).

The coadministration of HIV nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) with BARACLUDE is unlikely to reduce the antiviral efficacy of BARACLUDE against HBV or of any of these agents against HIV. In HBV combination assays in cell culture, abacavir, didanosine, lamivudine, stavudine, tenofovir, or zidovudine were not antagonistic to the anti-HBV activity of entecavir over a wide range of concentrations. In HIV antiviral assays, entecavir was not antagonistic to the cell culture anti-HIV activity of these six NRTIs at >4 times the Cmax of entecavir.

Antiviral Activity against HIV

A comprehensive analysis of the inhibitory activity of entecavir against a panel of laboratory and clinical human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates using a variety of cells and assay conditions yielded EC50 values ranging from 0.026 to >10 µM; the lower EC50 values were observed when decreased levels of virus were used in the assay. In cell culture, entecavir selected for an M184I substitution in HIV reverse transcriptase at micromolar concentrations, confirming inhibitory pressure at high entecavir concentrations. HIV variants containing the M184V substitution showed loss of susceptibility to entecavir.

Resistance

In Cell Culture

In cell-based assays, 8- to 30-fold reductions in entecavir phenotypic susceptibility were observed for lamivudine-resistant strains. Further reductions (>70-fold) in entecavir phenotypic susceptibility required the presence of amino acid substitutions rtM204I/V and/or rtL180M along with additional substitutions at residues rtT184, rtS202, or rtM250, or a combination of these substitutions with or without an rtI169 substitution in the HBV polymerase.

Clinical Studies

Nucleoside-naive subjects: Genotypic evaluations were performed on evaluable samples (>300 copies/mL serum HBV DNA) from 562 subjects who were treated with BARACLUDE for up to 96 weeks in nucleoside-naive studies (AI463022, AI463027, and rollover study AI463901). By Week 96, evidence of emerging amino acid substitution rtS202G with rtM204V and rtL180M substitutions was detected in the HBV of 2 subjects (2/562 = <1%), and 1 of them experienced virologic rebound (≥1 log10 increase above nadir). Emerging amino acid substitutions at rtM204I/V ± rtL180M, rtL80I, or rtV173L, which conferred decreased phenotypic susceptibility to entecavir, were detected in the HBV of 3 subjects (3/562 = <1%) who experienced virologic rebound.

Lamivudine-refractory subjects: Genotypic evaluations were performed on evaluable samples from 190 subjects treated with BARACLUDE for up to 96 weeks in studies of lamivudine-refractory HBV (AI463026, AI463014, AI463015, and rollover study AI463901). By Week 96, resistance amino acid substitutions at rtS202, rtT184, rtI169 ± rtM250 in the presence of amino acid substitutions rtM204I/V ± rtL180M, rtL80V, or rtV173L/M emerged in the HBV from 22 subjects (22/190 = 12%), 16 of whom experienced virologic rebound (≥1 log10 increase above nadir) and 4 of whom were never suppressed <300 copies/mL. The HBV from 4 of these subjects had entecavir resistance substitutions at baseline and acquired further changes on entecavir treatment. In addition to the 22 subjects, 3 subjects experienced virologic rebound with the emergence of rtM204I/V ± rtL180M, rtL80V, or rtV173L/M. For isolates from subjects who experienced virologic rebound with the emergence of resistance substitutions (n=19), the median fold-change in entecavir EC50 values from reference was 19-fold at baseline and 106-fold at the time of virologic rebound.

Cross-resistance

Cross-resistance has been observed among HBV nucleoside analogues. In cell-based assays, entecavir had 8- to 30-fold less inhibition of HBV DNA synthesis for HBV containing lamivudine and telbivudine resistance substitutions rtM204I/V ± rtL180M than for wild-type HBV. Substitutions rtM204I/V ± rtL180M, rtL80I/V, or rtV173L, which are associated with lamivudine and telbivudine resistance, also confer decreased phenotypic susceptibility to entecavir. Recombinant HBV genomes encoding adefovir resistance-associated substitutions at either rtN236T or rtA181V had 0.3- and 1.1-fold shifts in susceptibility to entecavir in cell culture, respectively. The efficacy of entecavir against HBV harboring adefovir resistance-associated substitutions has not been established in clinical trials. HBV isolates from lamivudine-refractory subjects failing entecavir therapy were susceptible in cell culture to adefovir but remained resistant to lamivudine.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Pharmacokinetics

The single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of entecavir were evaluated in healthy subjects and subjects with chronic hepatitis B infection.

Absorption

Following oral administration in healthy subjects, entecavir peak plasma concentrations occurred between 0.5 and 1.5 hours. Following multiple daily doses ranging from 0.1 to 1.0 mg, Cmax and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) at steady state increased in proportion to dose. Steady state was achieved after 6 to 10 days of once-daily administration with approximately 2-fold accumulation. For a 0.5-mg oral dose, Cmax at steady state was 4.2 ng/mL and trough plasma concentration (Ctrough) was 0.3 ng/mL. For a 1-mg oral dose, Cmax was 8.2 ng/mL and Ctrough was 0.5 ng/mL.

In healthy subjects, the bioavailability of the tablet was 100% relative to the oral solution. The oral solution and tablet may be used interchangeably.

Effects of food on oral absorption:  Oral administration of 0.5 mg of entecavir with a standard high-fat meal (945 kcal, 54.6 g fat) or a light meal (379 kcal, 8.2 g fat) resulted in a delay in absorption (1.0-1.5 hours fed vs. 0.75 hours fasted), a decrease in Cmax of 44%-46%, and a decrease in AUC of 18%-20%. Therefore, BARACLUDE should be administered on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after a meal and 2 hours before the next meal).

Distribution

Based on the pharmacokinetic profile of entecavir after oral dosing, the estimated apparent volume of distribution is in excess of total body water, suggesting that entecavir is extensively distributed into tissues.

Binding of entecavir to human serum proteins in vitro was approximately 13%.

Metabolism and Elimination

Following administration of 14C-entecavir in humans and rats, no oxidative or acetylated metabolites were observed. Minor amounts of phase II metabolites (glucuronide and sulfate conjugates) were observed. Entecavir is not a substrate, inhibitor, or inducer of the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme system (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Drug Interactions).

After reaching peak concentration, entecavir plasma concentrations decreased in a bi-exponential manner with a terminal elimination half-life of approximately 128-149 hours. The observed drug accumulation index is approximately 2-fold with once-daily dosing, suggesting an effective accumulation half-life of approximately 24 hours.

Entecavir is predominantly eliminated by the kidney with urinary recovery of unchanged drug at steady state ranging from 62% to 73% of the administered dose. Renal clearance is independent of dose and ranges from 360 to 471 mL/min suggesting that entecavir undergoes both glomerular filtration and net tubular secretion (see PRECAUTIONS: Drug Interactions).

Special Populations

Gender:  There are no significant gender differences in entecavir pharmacokinetics.

Race:  There are no significant racial differences in entecavir pharmacokinetics.

Elderly:  The effect of age on the pharmacokinetics of entecavir was evaluated following administration of a single 1-mg oral dose in healthy young and elderly volunteers. Entecavir AUC was 29.3% greater in elderly subjects compared to young subjects. The disparity in exposure between elderly and young subjects was most likely attributable to differences in renal function. Dosage adjustment of BARACLUDE should be based on the renal function of the patient, rather than age (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Renal Impairment).

Pediatrics:  Pharmacokinetic studies have not been conducted in children.

Renal impairment:  The pharmacokinetics of entecavir following a single 1-mg dose were studied in subjects (without chronic hepatitis B infection) with selected degrees of renal impairment, including subjects whose renal impairment was managed by hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Results are shown in Table 1.

Table 1: Pharmacokinetic Parameters in Subjects with Selected Degrees of Renal Function
  Renal Function Group
Baseline Creatinine Clearance (mL/min)    
Unimpaired
>80
Mild
>50-≤80
Moderate
30-50
Severe
<30
Severe
Managed with
Hemodialysis
a
Severe
Managed
with CAPD
n=6 n=6 n=6 n=6 n=6 n=4
a Dosed immediately following hemodialysis.
CLR = renal clearance; CLT/F = apparent oral clearance.
Cmax (ng/mL)
(CV%)
8.1
(30.7)
10.4
(37.2)
10.5
(22.7)
15.3
(33.8)
15.4
(56.4)
16.6
(29.7)
 
AUC(0-T) (ng•h/mL)
(CV)
27.9
(25.6)
51.5
(22.8)
69.5
(22.7)
145.7
(31.5)
233.9
(28.4)
221.8
(11.6)
 
CLR (mL/min)
(SD)
383.2
(101.8)
197.9
(78.1)
135.6
(31.6)
40.3
(10.1)
NA NA
 
CLT/F (mL/min)
(SD)
588.1
(153.7)
309.2
(62.6)
226.3
(60.1)
100.6
(29.1)
50.6
(16.5)
35.7
(19.6)

Dosage adjustment is recommended for patients with a creatinine clearance <50 mL/min, including patients on hemodialysis or CAPD. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Renal Impairment.)

Following a single 1-mg dose of entecavir administered 2 hours before the hemodialysis session, hemodialysis removed approximately 13% of the entecavir dose over 4 hours. CAPD removed approximately 0.3% of the dose over 7 days. Entecavir should be administered after hemodialysis.

Hepatic impairment:  The pharmacokinetics of entecavir following a single 1-mg dose were studied in subjects (without chronic hepatitis B infection) with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B or C). The pharmacokinetics of entecavir were similar between hepatically impaired and healthy control subjects; therefore, no dosage adjustment of BARACLUDE is recommended for patients with hepatic impairment.

Post-liver transplant:  The safety and efficacy of BARACLUDE in liver transplant recipients are unknown. However, in a small pilot study of entecavir use in HBV-infected liver transplant recipients on a stable dose of cyclosporine A (n=5) or tacrolimus (n=4), entecavir exposure was approximately 2-fold the exposure in healthy subjects with normal renal function. Altered renal function contributed to the increase in entecavir exposure in these subjects. The potential for pharmacokinetic interactions between entecavir and cyclosporine A or tacrolimus was not formally evaluated. Renal function must be carefully monitored both before and during treatment with BARACLUDE in liver transplant recipients who have received or are receiving an immunosuppressant that may affect renal function, such as cyclosporine or tacrolimus (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Renal Impairment).

Drug Interactions (see also PRECAUTIONS: Drug Interactions).

The metabolism of entecavir was evaluated in in vitro and in vivo studies. Entecavir is not a substrate, inhibitor, or inducer of the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme system. At concentrations up to approximately 10,000-fold higher than those obtained in humans, entecavir inhibited none of the major human CYP450 enzymes 1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 3A4, 2B6, and 2E1. At concentrations up to approximately 340-fold higher than those observed in humans, entecavir did not induce the human CYP450 enzymes 1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 3A4, 3A5, and 2B6. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Metabolism and Elimination.) The pharmacokinetics of entecavir are unlikely to be affected by coadministration with agents that are either metabolized by, inhibit, or induce the CYP450 system. Likewise, the pharmacokinetics of known CYP substrates are unlikely to be affected by coadministration of entecavir.

The steady-state pharmacokinetics of entecavir and coadministered drug were not altered in interaction studies of entecavir with lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

BARACLUDE (entecavir) is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in adults with evidence of active viral replication and either evidence of persistent elevations in serum aminotransferases (ALT or AST) or histologically active disease.

This indication is based on histologic, virologic, biochemical, and serologic responses in nucleoside-treatment-naive and lamivudine-resistant adult subjects with HBeAg-positive or HBeAg-negative chronic HBV infection with compensated liver disease and on more limited data in adult subjects with HIV/HBV co-infection who have received prior lamivudine therapy.

Description of Clinical Studies

Outcomes at 48 Weeks

The safety and efficacy of BARACLUDE were evaluated in three Phase 3 active-controlled trials. These studies included 1633 subjects 16 years of age or older with chronic hepatitis B infection (serum HBsAg-positive for at least 6 months) accompanied by evidence of viral replication (detectable serum HBV DNA, as measured by the bDNA hybridization or PCR assay). Subjects had persistently elevated ALT levels ≥1.3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) and chronic inflammation on liver biopsy compatible with a diagnosis of chronic viral hepatitis. The safety and efficacy of BARACLUDE were also evaluated in a study of 68 subjects co-infected with HBV and HIV.

Nucleoside-naive subjects with compensated liver disease

HBeAg-positive: Study AI463022 was a multinational, randomized, double-blind study of BARACLUDE 0.5 mg once daily versus lamivudine 100 mg once daily for a minimum of 52 weeks in 709 (of 715 randomized) nucleoside-naive subjects with chronic hepatitis B infection and detectable HBeAg. The mean age of subjects was 35 years, 75% were male, 57% were Asian, 40% were Caucasian, and 13% had previously received interferon-α. At baseline, subjects had a mean Knodell Necroinflammatory Score of 7.8, mean serum HBV DNA as measured by Roche COBAS Amplicor® PCR assay was 9.66 log10 copies/mL, and mean serum ALT level was 143 U/L. Paired, adequate liver biopsy samples were available for 89% of subjects.

HBeAg-negative (anti-HBe positive/HBV DNA positive): Study AI463027 was a multinational, randomized, double-blind study of BARACLUDE 0.5 mg once daily versus lamivudine 100 mg once daily for a minimum of 52 weeks in 638 (of 648 randomized) nucleoside-naive subjects with HBeAg-negative (HBeAb-positive) chronic hepatitis B infection. The mean age of subjects was 44 years, 76% were male, 39% were Asian, 58% were Caucasian, and 13% had previously received interferon-α. At baseline, subjects had a mean Knodell Necroinflammatory Score of 7.8, mean serum HBV DNA as measured by Roche COBAS Amplicor PCR assay was 7.58 log10 copies/mL, and mean serum ALT level was 142 U/L. Paired, adequate liver biopsy samples were available for 88% of subjects.

In Studies AI463022 and AI463027, BARACLUDE was superior to lamivudine on the primary efficacy endpoint of Histologic Improvement, defined as ≥2-point reduction in Knodell Necroinflammatory Score with no worsening in Knodell Fibrosis Score at Week 48, and on the secondary efficacy measures of reduction in viral load and ALT normalization. Histologic Improvement and change in Ishak Fibrosis Score are shown in Table 2. Selected virologic, biochemical, and serologic outcome measures are shown in Table 3.

Table 2: Histologic Improvement and Change in Ishak Fibrosis Score at Week 48, Nucleoside-Naive Subjects in Studies AI463022 and AI463027
  Study AI463022 (HBeAg-Positive) Study AI463027 (HBeAg-Negative)
  BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=314a
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=314a
BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=296a
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=287a
a Subjects with evaluable baseline histology (baseline Knodell Necroinflammatory Score ≥2).
b ≥2-point decrease in Knodell Necroinflammatory Score from baseline with no worsening of the Knodell Fibrosis Score.
c For Ishak Fibrosis Score, improvement = ≥1-point decrease from baseline and worsening = ≥1-point increase from baseline.
* p<0.05
Histologic Improvement (Knodell Scores)
Improvementb 72%* 62% 70%* 61%
No improvement 21% 24% 19% 26%
Ishak Fibrosis Score
Improvementc 39% 35% 36% 38%
No change 46% 40% 41% 34%
Worseningc 8% 10% 12% 15%
Missing Week 48 biopsy 7% 14% 10% 13%
Table 3: Selected Virologic, Biochemical, and Serologic Endpoints at Week 48, Nucleoside-Naive Subjects in Studies AI463022 and AI463027
  Study AI463022
(HBeAg-Positive)
Study AI463027
(HBeAg-Negative)
  BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=354
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=355
BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=325
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=313
a Roche COBAS Amplicor PCR assay (LLOQ = 300 copies/mL).
* p<0.05
HBV DNAa
   Proportion undetectable (<300 copies/mL) 67%* 36% 90%* 72%
   Mean change from baseline (log10 copies/mL) -6.86* -5.39 -5.04* -4.53
ALT normalization (≤1 X ULN) 68%* 60% 78%* 71%
HBeAg seroconversion 21% 18% NA NA

Histologic Improvement was independent of baseline levels of HBV DNA or ALT.

Lamivudine-refractory subjects

Study AI463026 was a multinational, randomized, double-blind study of BARACLUDE in 286 (of 293 randomized) subjects with lamivudine-refractory chronic hepatitis B infection. Subjects receiving lamivudine at study entry either switched to BARACLUDE 1 mg once daily (with neither a washout nor an overlap period) or continued on lamivudine 100 mg for a minimum of 52 weeks. The mean age of subjects was 39 years, 76% were male, 37% were Asian, 62% were Caucasian, and 52% had previously received interferon-α. The mean duration of prior lamivudine therapy was 2.7 years, and 85% had lamivudine resistance mutations at baseline by an investigational line probe assay. At baseline, subjects had a mean Knodell Necroinflammatory Score of 6.5, mean serum HBV DNA as measured by Roche COBAS Amplicor PCR assay was 9.36 log10 copies/mL, and mean serum ALT level was 128 U/L. Paired, adequate liver biopsy samples were available for 87% of subjects.

BARACLUDE was superior to lamivudine on a primary endpoint of Histologic Improvement (using the Knodell Score at Week 48). These results and change in Ishak Fibrosis Score are shown in Table 4. Table 5 shows selected virologic, biochemical, and serologic endpoints.

Table 4: Histologic Improvement and Change in Ishak Fibrosis Score at Week 48, Lamivudine-Refractory Subjects in Study AI463026
BARACLUDE
1 mg
n=124a
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=116a
a Subjects with evaluable baseline histology (baseline Knodell Necroinflammatory Score≥2).
b ≥2-point decrease in Knodell Necroinflammatory Score from baseline with no worsening of the Knodell Fibrosis Score.
c For Ishak Fibrosis Score, improvement = ≥1-point decrease from baseline and worsening = ≥1-point increase from baseline.
* p<0.01
Histologic Improvement (Knodell Scores)
Improvementb 55%* 28%
No improvement 34% 57%
Ishak Fibrosis Score
Improvementc 34%* 16%
No change 44% 42%
Worseningc 11% 26%
Missing Week 48 biopsy 11% 16%
Table 5: Selected Virologic, Biochemical, and Serologic Endpoints at Week 48, Lamivudine-Refractory Subjects in Study AI463026
BARACLUDE
1 mg
n=141
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=145
a Roche COBAS Amplicor PCR assay (LLOQ = 300 copies/mL).
* p<0.0001
HBV DNAa
   Proportion undetectable (<300 copies/mL) 19%* 1%
   Mean change from baseline (log10 copies/mL) -5.11* -0.48
ALT normalization (≤1 X ULN) 61%* 15%
HBeAg seroconversion 8% 3%

Histologic Improvement was independent of baseline levels of HBV DNA or ALT.

Outcomes beyond 48 Weeks

The optimal duration of therapy with BARACLUDE is unknown. According to protocol-mandated criteria in the Phase 3 clinical trials, subjects discontinued BARACLUDE or lamivudine treatment after 52 weeks according to a definition of response based on HBV virologic suppression (<0.7 MEq/mL by bDNA assay) and loss of HBeAg (in HBeAg-positive subjects) or ALT <1.25 X ULN (in HBeAg-negative subjects) at Week 48. Subjects who achieved virologic suppression but did not have serologic response (HBeAg-positive) or did not achieve ALT <1.25 X ULN (HBeAg-negative) continued blinded dosing through 96 weeks or until the response criteria were met. These protocol-specified subject management guidelines are not intended as guidance for clinical practice.

Nucleoside-naive subjects: Among nucleoside-naive, HBeAg-positive subjects (Study AI463022), 243 (69%) BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 164 (46%) lamivudine-treated subjects continued blinded treatment for up to 96 weeks. Of those continuing blinded treatment in year 2, 180 (74%) BARACLUDE subjects and 60 (37%) lamivudine subjects achieved HBV DNA <300 copies/mL by PCR at the end of dosing (up to 96 weeks). 193 (79%) BARACLUDE subjects achieved ALT ≤1 X ULN compared to 112 (68%) lamivudine subjects, and HBeAg seroconversion occurred in 26 (11%) BARACLUDE subjects and 20 (12%) lamivudine subjects.

Among nucleoside-naive, HBeAg-positive subjects, 74 (21%) BARACLUDE subjects and 67 (19%) lamivudine subjects met the definition of response at Week 48, discontinued study drugs, and were followed off treatment for 24 weeks. Among BARACLUDE responders, 26 (35%) subjects had HBV DNA <300 copies/mL, 55 (74%) subjects had ALT ≤1 X ULN, and 56 (76%) subjects sustained HBeAg seroconversion at the end of follow-up. Among lamivudine responders, 20 (30%) subjects had HBV DNA <300 copies/mL, 41 (61%) subjects had ALT ≤1 X ULN, and 47 (70%) subjects sustained HBeAg seroconversion at the end of follow-up.

Among nucleoside-naive, HBeAg-negative subjects (Study AI463027), 26 (8%) BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 28 (9%) lamivudine-treated subjects continued blinded treatment for up to 96 weeks. In this small cohort continuing treatment in year 2, 22 BARACLUDE and 16 lamivudine subjects had HBV DNA <300 copies/mL by PCR, and 7 and 6 subjects, respectively, had ALT ≤1 X ULN at the end of dosing (up to 96 weeks).

Among nucleoside-naive, HBeAg-negative subjects, 275 (85%) BARACLUDE subjects and 245 (78%) lamivudine subjects met the definition of response at Week 48, discontinued study drugs, and were followed off treatment for 24 weeks. In this cohort, very few subjects in each treatment arm had HBV DNA <300 copies/mL by PCR at the end of follow-up. At the end of follow-up, 126 (46%) BARACLUDE subjects and 84 (34%) lamivudine subjects had ALT ≤1 X ULN.

Lamivudine-refractory subjects: Among lamivudine-refractory subjects (Study AI463026), 77 (55%) BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 3 (2%) lamivudine subjects continued blinded treatment for up to 96 weeks. In this cohort of BARACLUDE subjects, 31 (40%) subjects achieved HBV DNA <300 copies/mL, 62 (81%) subjects had ALT ≤1 X ULN, and 8 (10%) subjects demonstrated HBeAg seroconversion at the end of dosing.

Special Populations

Study AI463038 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of BARACLUDE versus placebo in 68 subjects co-infected with HIV and HBV who experienced recurrence of HBV viremia while receiving a lamivudine-containing highly active antiretroviral (HAART) regimen. Subjects continued their lamivudine-containing HAART regimen (lamivudine dose 300 mg/day) and were assigned to add either BARACLUDE 1 mg once daily (51 subjects) or placebo (17 subjects) for 24 weeks followed by an open-label phase for an additional 24 weeks where all subjects received BARACLUDE. At baseline, subjects had a mean serum HBV DNA level by PCR of 9.13 log10 copies/mL. Ninety-nine percent of subjects were HBeAg-positive at baseline, with a mean baseline ALT level of 71.5 U/L. Median HIV RNA level remained stable at approximately 2 log10 copies/mL through 24 weeks of blinded therapy. Virologic and biochemical endpoints at Week 24 are shown in Table 6. There are no data in patients with HIV/HBV co-infection who have not received prior lamivudine therapy. BARACLUDE has not been evaluated in HIV/HBV co-infected patients who were not simultaneously receiving effective HIV treatment (see WARNINGS: Co-infection with HIV).

Table 6: Virologic and Biochemical Endpoints at Week 24, Study AI463038
BARACLUDE 1 mga
n=51
Placeboa
n=17
a All subjects also received a lamivudine-containing HAART regimen.
b Roche COBAS Amplicor PCR assay (LLOQ = 300 copies/mL).
c Percentage of subjects with abnormal ALT (>1 X ULN) at baseline who achieved ALT normalization (n=35 for BARACLUDE and n=12 for placebo).
* p<0.0001
HBV DNAb
   Proportion undetectable (<300 copies/mL) 6% 0
   Mean change from baseline (log10 copies/mL) -3.65* +0.11
ALT normalization (≤1 X ULN) 34%c 8%c

For subjects originally assigned to BARACLUDE, at the end of the open-label phase (Week 48), 8% of subjects had HBV DNA <300 copies/mL by PCR, the mean change from baseline HBV DNA by PCR was -4.20 log10 copies/mL, and 37% of subjects with abnormal ALT at baseline had ALT normalization (≤1 X ULN).

CONTRAINDICATIONS

BARACLUDE is contraindicated in patients with previously demonstrated hypersensitivity to entecavir or any component of the product.

WARNINGS

Exacerbations of Hepatitis after Discontinuation of Treatment

Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients who have discontinued anti-hepatitis B therapy, including entecavir. Hepatic function should be monitored closely with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who discontinue anti-hepatitis B therapy. If appropriate, initiation of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted (see ADVERSE REACTIONS: Exacerbations of Hepatitis after Discontinuation of Treatment).

Co-infection with HIV

BARACLUDE has not been evaluated in HIV/HBV co-infected patients who were not simultaneously receiving effective HIV treatment. Limited clinical experience suggests there is a potential for the development of resistance to HIV nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors if BARACLUDE is used to treat chronic hepatitis B virus infection in patients with HIV infection that is not being treated (see MICROBIOLOGY: Antiviral Activity, Antiviral Activity against HIV). Therefore, therapy with BARACLUDE is not recommended for HIV/HBV co-infected patients who are not also receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Before initiating BARACLUDE therapy, HIV antibody testing should be offered to all patients. BARACLUDE has not been studied as a treatment for HIV infection and is not recommended for this use.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Renal Impairment

Dosage adjustment of BARACLUDE is recommended for patients with a creatinine clearance <50 mL/min, including patients on hemodialysis or CAPD (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Renal Impairment).

Liver Transplant Recipients

The safety and efficacy of BARACLUDE in liver transplant recipients are unknown. If BARACLUDE treatment is determined to be necessary for a liver transplant recipient who has received or is receiving an immunosuppressant that may affect renal function, such as cyclosporine or tacrolimus, renal function must be carefully monitored both before and during treatment with BARACLUDE (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Special Populations and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Renal Impairment).

Information for Patients

A patient package insert (PPI) for BARACLUDE is available for patient information.

Patients should remain under the care of a physician while taking BARACLUDE. They should discuss any new symptoms or concurrent medications with their physician.

Patients should be advised to take BARACLUDE on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after a meal and 2 hours before the next meal).

Patients should be informed that deterioration of liver disease may occur in some cases if treatment is discontinued, and that they should discuss any change in regimen with their physician.

Patients should be offered HIV antibody testing before starting BARACLUDE therapy. They should be informed that if they have HIV infection and are not receiving effective HIV treatment, BARACLUDE may increase the chance of HIV resistance to HIV medication (see WARNINGS: Co-infection with HIV).

Patients should be advised that treatment with BARACLUDE has not been shown to reduce the risk of transmission of HBV to others through sexual contact or blood contamination (see Labor and Delivery).

Drug Interactions

Since entecavir is primarily eliminated by the kidneys (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Metabolism and Elimination), coadministration of BARACLUDE with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase serum concentrations of either entecavir or the coadministered drug. Coadministration of entecavir with lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate did not result in significant drug interactions. The effects of coadministration of BARACLUDE with other drugs that are renally eliminated or are known to affect renal function have not been evaluated, and patients should be monitored closely for adverse events when BARACLUDE is coadministered with such drugs.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term oral carcinogenicity studies of entecavir in mice and rats were carried out at exposures up to approximately 42 times (mice) and 35 times (rats) those observed in humans at the highest recommended dose of 1 mg/day. In mouse and rat studies, entecavir was positive for carcinogenic findings.

In mice, lung adenomas were increased in males and females at exposures 3 and 40 times those in humans. Lung carcinomas in both male and female mice were increased at exposures 40 times those in humans. Combined lung adenomas and carcinomas were increased in male mice at exposures 3 times and in female mice at exposures 40 times those in humans. Tumor development was preceded by pneumocyte proliferation in the lung, which was not observed in rats, dogs, or monkeys administered entecavir, supporting the conclusion that lung tumors in mice may be a species-specific event. Hepatocellular carcinomas were increased in males and combined liver adenomas and carcinomas were also increased at exposures 42 times those in humans. Vascular tumors in female mice (hemangiomas of ovaries and uterus and hemangiosarcomas of spleen) were increased at exposures 40 times those in humans. In rats, hepatocellular adenomas were increased in females at exposures 24 times those in humans; combined adenomas and carcinomas were also increased in females at exposures 24 times those in humans. Brain gliomas were induced in both males and females at exposures 35 and 24 times those in humans. Skin fibromas were induced in females at exposures 4 times those in humans.

It is not known how predictive the results of rodent carcinogenicity studies may be for humans.

Entecavir was clastogenic to human lymphocyte cultures. Entecavir was not mutagenic in the Ames bacterial reverse mutation assay using S. typhimurium and E. coli strains in the presence or absence of metabolic activation, a mammalian-cell gene mutation assay, and a transformation assay with Syrian hamster embryo cells. Entecavir was also negative in an oral micronucleus study and an oral DNA repair study in rats. In reproductive toxicology studies, in which animals were administered entecavir at up to 30 mg/kg for up to 4 weeks, no evidence of impaired fertility was seen in male or female rats at systemic exposures >90 times those achieved in humans at the highest recommended dose of 1 mg/day. In rodent and dog toxicology studies, seminiferous tubular degeneration was observed at exposures ≥35 times those achieved in humans. No testicular changes were evident in monkeys.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

Reproduction studies have been performed in rats and rabbits at orally administered doses up to 200 and 16 mg/kg/day and showed no embryotoxicity or maternal toxicity at systemic exposures approximately 28 and 212 times those achieved at the highest recommended dose of 1 mg/day in humans. In rats, maternal toxicity, embryo-fetal toxicity (resorptions), lower fetal body weights, tail and vertebral malformations, reduced ossification (vertebrae, sternebrae, and phalanges), and extra lumbar vertebrae and ribs were observed at exposures 3100 times those in humans. In rabbits, embryo-fetal toxicity (resorptions), reduced ossification (hyoid), and an increased incidence of 13th rib were observed at exposures 883 times those in humans. In a peri-postnatal study, no adverse effects on offspring were seen with entecavir administered orally to rats at exposures >94 times those in humans. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, BARACLUDE should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed and after careful consideration of the risks and benefits.

Pregnancy Registry: To monitor fetal outcomes of pregnant women exposed to entecavir, a pregnancy registry has been established. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling 1-800-258-4263.

Labor and Delivery

There are no studies in pregnant women and no data on the effect of BARACLUDE on transmission of HBV from mother to infant. Therefore, appropriate interventions should be used to prevent neonatal acquisition of HBV.

Nursing Mothers

Entecavir is excreted in the milk of rats. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Mothers should be instructed not to breast-feed if they are taking BARACLUDE.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of entecavir in pediatric patients below the age of 16 years have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of BARACLUDE did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 years and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Entecavir is substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION: Renal Impairment).

Use in Racial/Ethnic Groups

Clinical studies of BARACLUDE did not include sufficient numbers of subjects from some racial/ethnic minorities (black/African American, Hispanic) to determine whether they respond differently to treatment with the drug. There are no significant racial differences in entecavir pharmacokinetics.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Assessment of adverse reactions is based on four studies (AI463014, AI463022, AI463026, and AI463027) in which 1720 subjects with chronic hepatitis B infection received double-blind treatment with BARACLUDE 0.5 mg/day (n=679), BARACLUDE 1 mg/day (n=183), or lamivudine (n=858) for up to 2 years. Median duration of therapy was 69 weeks for BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 63 weeks for lamivudine-treated subjects in Studies AI463022 and AI463027 and 73 weeks for BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 51 weeks for lamivudine-treated subjects in Studies AI463026 and AI463014. The safety profiles of BARACLUDE and lamivudine were comparable in these studies. The safety profile of BARACLUDE 1 mg (n=51) in HIV/HBV co-infected subjects enrolled in Study AI463038 was similar to that of placebo (n=17) through 24 weeks of blinded treatment and similar to that seen in non-HIV infected subjects (see WARNINGS: Co-infection with HIV).

The most common adverse events of any severity with at least a possible relation to study drug for BARACLUDE-treated subjects were headache, fatigue, dizziness, and nausea. The most common adverse events among lamivudine-treated subjects were headache, fatigue, and dizziness. One percent of BARACLUDE-treated subjects in these four studies compared with 4% of lamivudine-treated subjects discontinued for adverse events or abnormal laboratory test results. Also see WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS.

Clinical Adverse Events

Selected clinical adverse events of moderate-severe intensity and considered at least possibly related to treatment occurring during therapy in four clinical studies in which BARACLUDE was compared with lamivudine are presented in Table 7.

Table 7: Selected Clinical Adverse Eventsa of Moderate-Severe Intensity (Grades 2-4) Reported in Four Entecavir Clinical Trials Through 2 Years
  Nucleoside-Naiveb Lamivudine-Refractoryc
Body System/
  Adverse Event
BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=679
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=668
BARACLUDE
1 mg
n=183
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=190
a Includes events of possible, probable, certain, or unknown relationship to treatment regimen.
b Studies AI463022 and AI463027.
c Includes Study AI463026 and the BARACLUDE 1-mg and lamivudine treatment arms of Study AI463014, a Phase 2 multinational, randomized, double-blind study of three doses of BARACLUDE (0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg) once daily versus continued lamivudine 100 mg once daily for up to 52 weeks in subjects who experienced recurrent viremia on lamivudine therapy.
Any Grade 2-4 adverse eventa 15% 18% 22% 23%
Gastrointestinal
   Diarrhea <1% 0 1% 0
   Dyspepsia <1% <1% 1% 0
   Nausea <1% <1% <1% 2%
   Vomiting <1% <1% <1% 0
General
   Fatigue 1% 1% 3% 3%
Nervous System
   Headache 2% 2% 4% 1%
   Dizziness <1% <1% 0 1%
   Somnolence <1% <1% 0 0
Psychiatric
   Insomnia <1% <1% 0 <1%

Laboratory Abnormalities

Frequencies of selected treatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities reported during therapy in four clinical trials of BARACLUDE compared with lamivudine are listed in Table 8.

Table 8: Selected Treatment-Emergenta Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Four Entecavir Clinical Trials Through 2 Years
  Nucleoside-Naiveb Lamivudine-Refractoryc
Test BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=679
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=668
BARACLUDE
1 mg
n=183
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=190
a On-treatment value worsened from baseline to Grade 3 or Grade 4 for all parameters except albumin (any on-treatment value <2.5 g/dL), confirmed creatinine increase ≥0.5 mg/dL, and ALT >10 X ULN and >2 X baseline.
b Studies AI463022 and AI463027.
c Includes Study AI463026 and the BARACLUDE 1-mg and lamivudine treatment arms of Study AI463014, a Phase 2 multinational, randomized, double-blind study of three doses of BARACLUDE (0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg) once daily versus continued lamivudine 100 mg once daily for up to 52 weeks in subjects who experienced recurrent viremia on lamivudine therapy.
d Includes hematology, routine chemistries, renal and liver function tests, pancreatic enzymes, and urinalysis.
e Grade 3 = 3+, large, ≥ 500 mg/dL; Grade 4 = 4+, marked, severe.
f Grade 3 = 3+, large; Grade 4 = ≥ 4+, marked, severe, many.
Any Grade 3-4 laboratory abnormalityd 35% 36% 37% 45%
ALT >10 X ULN and >2 X baseline 2% 4% 2% 11%
ALT >5.0 X ULN 11% 16% 12% 24%
AST >5.0 X ULN 5% 8% 5% 17%
Albumin <2.5 g/dL <1% <1% 0 2%
Total bilirubin >2.5 X ULN 2% 2% 3% 2%
Amylase ≥2.1 X ULN 2% 2% 3% 3%
Lipase ≥2.1 X ULN 7% 6% 7% 7%
Creatinine >3.0 X ULN 0 0 0 0
Confirmed creatinine increase ≥0.5 mg/dL 1% 1% 2% 1%
Hyperglycemia, fasting >250 mg/dL 2% 1% 3% 1%
Glycosuriae 4% 3% 4% 6%
Hematuriaf 9% 10% 9% 6%
Platelets <50,000/mm3 <1% <1% <1% <1%

Among BARACLUDE-treated subjects in these studies, on-treatment ALT elevations >10 X ULN and >2 X baseline generally resolved with continued treatment. A majority of these exacerbations were associated with a ≥2 log10/mL reduction in viral load that preceded or coincided with the ALT elevation. Periodic monitoring of hepatic function is recommended during treatment.

Exacerbations of Hepatitis after Discontinuation of Treatment (see also WARNINGS)

An exacerbation of hepatitis or ALT flare was defined as ALT >10 X ULN and >2 X the subject’s reference level (minimum of the baseline or last measurement at end of dosing). For all subjects who discontinued treatment (regardless of reason), Table 9 presents the proportion of subjects in each study who experienced post-treatment ALT flares. In these studies, a subset of subjects was allowed to discontinue treatment at or after 52 weeks if they achieved a protocol-defined response to therapy. If BARACLUDE is discontinued without regard to treatment response, the rate of post-treatment flares could be higher.

Table 9: Exacerbations of Hepatitis During Off-Treatment Follow-up, Subjects in Studies AI463022, AI463027, and AI463026
Subjects with ALT Elevations >10 X ULN and >2 X Referencea
BARACLUDE Lamivudine
a Reference is the minimum of the baseline or last measurement at end of dosing. Median time to off-treatment exacerbation was 23 weeks for BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 10 weeks for lamivudine-treated subjects.
Nucleoside-naive    
  HBeAg-positive 4/174 (2%) 13/147 (9%)
  HBeAg-negative 24/302 (8%) 30/270 (11%)
Lamivudine-refractory 6/52 (12%) 0/16

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reaction has been reported during postmarketing use of BARACLUDE. Because this reaction was reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, it is not possible to reliably estimate its frequency or establish a causal relationship to BARACLUDE exposure.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
   Rash

OVERDOSAGE

There is no experience of entecavir overdosage reported in patients. Healthy subjects who received single entecavir doses up to 40 mg or multiple doses up to 20 mg/day for up to 14 days had no increase in or unexpected adverse events. If overdose occurs, the patient must be monitored for evidence of toxicity, and standard supportive treatment applied as necessary.

Following a single 1-mg dose of entecavir, a 4-hour hemodialysis session removed approximately 13% of the entecavir dose.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Recommended Dosage

The recommended dose of BARACLUDE for chronic hepatitis B virus infection in nucleoside-treatment-naive adults and adolescents 16 years of age and older is 0.5 mg once daily.

The recommended dose of BARACLUDE in adults and adolescents (≥16 years of age) with a history of hepatitis B viremia while receiving lamivudine or known lamivudine resistance mutations is 1 mg once daily.

BARACLUDE should be administered on an empty stomach (at least 2 hours after a meal and 2 hours before the next meal).

BARACLUDE (entecavir) Oral Solution contains 0.05 mg of entecavir per milliliter. Therefore, 10 mL of the oral solution provides a 0.5-mg dose and 20 mL provides a 1-mg dose of entecavir.

Renal Impairment

In subjects with renal impairment, the apparent oral clearance of entecavir decreased as creatinine clearance decreased (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Pharmacokinetics, Special Populations). Dosage adjustment is recommended for patients with creatinine clearance <50 mL/min, including patients on hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), as shown in Table 10. The once-daily dosing regimens are preferred.

Table 10: Recommended Dosage of BARACLUDE in Patients with Renal Impairment
Creatinine Clearance (mL/min) Usual Dose (0.5 mg) Lamivudine-Refractory (1 mg)
a For doses less than 0.5 mg, BARACLUDE Oral Solution is recommended.
b If administered on a hemodialysis day, administer BARACLUDE after the hemodialysis session.
≥50 0.5 mg once daily 1 mg once daily
30 to <50 0.25 mg once dailya
OR
0.5 mg every 48 hours
0.5 mg once daily
OR
1 mg every 48 hours
10 to <30 0.15 mg once dailya
OR
0.5 mg every 72 hours
0.3 mg once dailya
OR
1 mg every 72 hours
<10
Hemodialysisb or CAPD
0.05 mg once dailya
OR

0.5 mg every 7 days
0.1 mg once dailya
OR

1 mg every 7 days

Hepatic Impairment

No dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with hepatic impairment.

Duration of Therapy

The optimal duration of treatment with BARACLUDE for patients with chronic hepatitis B infection and the relationship between treatment and long-term outcomes such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma are unknown.

HOW SUPPLIED

BARACLUDE® (entecavir) Tablets and Oral Solution are available in the following strengths and configurations of plastic bottles with child-resistant closures:

Product Strength and
Dosage Form
Description Quantity NDC Number
0.5-mg film-coated tablet White to off-white, triangular-shaped tablet, debossed with “BMS” on one side and “1611” on the other side. 30 tablets

90 tablets
0003-1611-12

0003-1611-13
1.0-mg film-coated tablet Pink, triangular-shaped tablet, debossed with “BMS” on one side and “1612” on the other side. 30 tablets 0003-1612-12
0.05-mg/mL oral solution Ready-to-use, orange-flavored, clear, colorless to pale yellow aqueous solution in a 260-mL bottle. 210 mL 0003-1614-12

BARACLUDE Oral Solution is a ready-to-use product; dilution or mixing with water or any other solvent or liquid product is not recommended. Each bottle of the oral solution is accompanied by a dosing spoon that is calibrated in 1-mL increments up to 10 mL. Patients should be instructed to hold the spoon in a vertical position and fill it gradually to the mark corresponding to the prescribed dose. Rinsing of the dosing spoon with water is recommended after each daily dose.

Storage

BARACLUDE Tablets should be stored in a tightly closed container at 25° C (77° F); excursions permitted between 15-30° C (59-86° F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

BARACLUDE Oral Solution should be stored in the outer carton at 25° C (77° F); excursions permitted between 15-30° C (59-86° F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light. After opening, the oral solution can be used up to the expiration date on the bottle. The bottle and its contents should be discarded after the expiration date.

US Patent No: 5,206,244. Other patents pending.

Bristol-Myers Squibb Company

Princeton, NJ 08543 USA

1195459A4

Rev February 2008

Patient Information

Baraclude® (BEAR ah klude)
(generic name = entecavir)
Tablets and Oral Solution

Read the Patient Information that comes with BARACLUDE before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about BARACLUDE?

  1. Some people who have taken medicines like BARACLUDE (a nucleoside analogue) have developed a serious condition called lactic acidosis (buildup of an acid in the blood). Lactic acidosis is a medical emergency and must be treated in the hospital. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following signs of lactic acidosis.
  2. Some people who have taken medicines like BARACLUDE have developed serious liver problems called hepatotoxicity, with liver enlargement (hepatomegaly) and fat in the liver (steatosis). Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following signs of liver problems.
  3. Your hepatitis B infection may get worse or become very serious if you stop BARACLUDE.

    Your healthcare provider will need to monitor your health and do regular blood tests to check your liver if you stop BARACLUDE. Tell your healthcare provider right away about any new or unusual symptoms that you notice after you stop taking BARACLUDE.

  4. If you have or get HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection be sure to discuss your treatment with your doctor. If you are taking BARACLUDE to treat chronic hepatitis B and are not taking medicines for your HIV at the same time, some HIV treatments that you take in the future may be less likely to work. You are advised to get an HIV test before you start taking BARACLUDE and anytime after that when there is a chance you were exposed to HIV. BARACLUDE will not help your HIV infection.

What is BARACLUDE?

BARACLUDE is a prescription medicine used for chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in adults who also have active liver damage.

It is important to stay under your healthcare provider’s care while taking BARACLUDE. Your healthcare provider will test the level of the hepatitis B virus in your blood regularly.

Does BARACLUDE lower the risk of passing HBV to others?

BARACLUDE does not stop you from spreading HBV to others by sex, sharing needles, or being exposed to your blood. Talk with your healthcare provider about safe sexual practices that protect your partner. Never share needles. Do not share personal items that can have blood or body fluids on them, like toothbrushes or razor blades. A shot (vaccine) is available to protect people at risk from becoming infected with HBV.

Who should not take BARACLUDE?

Do not take BARACLUDE if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. The active ingredient in BARACLUDE is entecavir. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in BARACLUDE. Tell your healthcare provider if you think you have had an allergic reaction to any of these ingredients.

BARACLUDE has not been studied in children and is not recommended for anyone less than 16 years old.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take BARACLUDE?

Tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. BARACLUDE may interact with other medicines that leave the body through the kidneys.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist.

How should I take BARACLUDE?

What are the possible side effects of BARACLUDE?

BARACLUDE may cause the following serious side effects (see “What is the most important information I should know about BARACLUDE?”):

The most common side effects of BARACLUDE are headache, tiredness, dizziness, and nausea. Less common side effects include diarrhea, indigestion, vomiting, sleepiness, and trouble sleeping. There have also been occasional reports of rash. In some patients, the results of blood tests that measure how the liver or pancreas is working may worsen.

These are not all the side effects of BARACLUDE. The list of side effects is not complete at this time because BARACLUDE is still under study. Report any new or continuing symptom to your healthcare provider. If you have questions about side effects, ask your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider may be able to help you manage these side effects.

How should I store BARACLUDE?

General information about BARACLUDE: Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions other than those described in patient information leaflets. Do not use BARACLUDE for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give BARACLUDE to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. The leaflet summarizes the most important information about BARACLUDE. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about BARACLUDE that is written for healthcare professionals. You can also call 1-800-321-1335 or visit the BARACLUDE website at www.Baraclude.com.

What are the ingredients in BARACLUDE?

Active Ingredient: entecavir

Inactive Ingredients in BARACLUDE Tablets: lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, crospovidone, povidone, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400, polysorbate 80 (0.5-mg tablet only), and iron oxide red (1-mg tablet only).

Inactive Ingredients in BARACLUDE Oral Solution: maltitol, sodium citrate, citric acid, methylparaben, propylparaben, and orange flavor.

Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
Princeton, NJ 08543 USA

This Patient Information Leaflet has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
1195459A4

Rev February 2008


BARACLUDE (ENTECAVIR)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code 0003-1612 Dosage Form TABLET, FILM COATED
Route Of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety) Type Strength
entecavir (entecavir) Active 1 MILLIGRAM  In 1 TABLET
lactose monohydrate Inactive  
microcrystalline cellulose Inactive  
crospovidone Inactive  
povidone Inactive  
magnesium stearate Inactive  
titanium dioxide Inactive  
hypromellose Inactive  
polyethylene glycol 400 Inactive  
iron oxide red Inactive  
IMPRINT INFORMATION
Characteristic Appearance Characteristic Appearance
Color pink (Pink) Score 1
Shape TRIANGLE Symbol false
Imprint Code BMS;1612 Coating true
Size 10mm
PACKAGING
# NDC Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 0003-1612-12 30 TABLET In 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC None

BARACLUDE (ENTECAVIR)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code 0003-1614 Dosage Form SOLUTION
Route Of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety) Type Strength
entecavir (entecavir) Active 0.05 MILLIGRAM  In 1 MILLILITER
maltitol Inactive  
sodium citrate Inactive  
citric acid Inactive  
methylparaben Inactive  
propylparaben Inactive  
orange flavor Inactive  
IMPRINT INFORMATION
Characteristic Appearance Characteristic Appearance
Color Score
Shape Symbol
Imprint Code Coating
Size
PACKAGING
# NDC Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 0003-1614-12 210 MILLILITER In 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC None

BARACLUDE (ENTECAVIR)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code 0003-1611 Dosage Form TABLET, FILM COATED
Route Of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety) Type Strength
entecavir (entecavir) Active 0.5 MILLIGRAM  In 1 TABLET
lactose monohydrate Inactive  
microcrystalline cellulose Inactive  
crospovidone Inactive  
povidone Inactive  
magnesium stearate Inactive  
titanium dioxide Inactive  
hypromellose Inactive  
polyethylene glycol 400 Inactive  
polysorbate 80 Inactive  
IMPRINT INFORMATION
Characteristic Appearance Characteristic Appearance
Color white Score 1
Shape TRIANGLE Symbol false
Imprint Code BMS;1611 Coating true
Size 8mm
PACKAGING
# NDC Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 0003-1611-13 90 TABLET In 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC None
2 0003-1611-12 30 TABLET In 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC None

Revised: 02/2008Bristol-Myers Squibb

Data are from FDA and U.S. National Library of Medicine.