chlorzoxazone (Chlorzoxazone) tablet
[Actavis Totowa, LLC]
Each tablet for oral administration contains chlorzoxazone 250 mg. In addition, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: Colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, D&C Red #7 Calcium Lake, FD&C Yellow #6 Aluminum Lake, lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, sodium starch glycolate, stearic acid, and talc.
Each tablet for oral administration contains chlorzoxazone 500 mg. In addition, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: Colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, D&C Yellow #10, FD&C Blue #1, lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, sodium starch glycolate, stearic acid, and talc.
Chemical Name: 5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone.
Molecular Formula: C7H4ClNO2 Molecular Weight: 169.56
Chlorzoxazone is a centrally acting agent for painful musculoskeletal conditions. Data available from animal experiments as well as human study indicate that chlorzoxazone acts primarily at the level of the spinal cord and subcortical areas of the brain where it inhibits multisynaptic reflex arcs involved in producing and maintaining skeletal muscle spasm of varied etiology. The clinical result is a reduction of the skeletal muscle spasm with relief of pain and increased mobility of the involved muscles. Blood levels of chlorzoxazone can be detected in people during the first 30 minutes and peak levels may be reached, in the majority of the subjects, in about 1 to 2 hours after oral administration of chlorzoxazone. Chlorzoxazone is rapidly metabolized and is excreted in the urine, primarily in a conjugated form as the glucuronide. Less than one percent of a dose of chlorzoxazone is excreted unchanged in the urine in 24 hours.
Chlorzoxazone is indicated as an adjunct to rest, physical therapy, and other measures for the relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. The mode of action of this drug has not been clearly identified, but may be related to its sedative properties. Chlorzoxazone does not directly relax tense skeletal muscles in man.
Chlorzoxazone is contraindicated in patients with known intolerance to the drug.
Serious (including fatal) hepatocellular toxicity has been reported rarely in patients receiving chlorzoxazone. The mechanism is unknown but appears to be idiosyncratic and unpredictable. Factors predisposing patients to this rare event are not known. Patients should be instructed to report early signs and/or symptoms of hepatotoxicity such as fever, rash, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, right upper quadrant pain, dark urine, or jaundice. Chlorzoxazone should be discontinued immediately and a physician consulted if any of these signs or symptoms develop. Chlorzoxazone use should also be discontinued if a patient develops abnormal liver enzymes (e.g., AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin).
The concomitant use of alcohol or other central nervous system depressants may have an additive effect.
The safe use of chlorzoxazone has not been established with respect to the possible adverse effects upon fetal development. Therefore, it should be used in women of childbearing potential only when, in the judgment of the physician, the potential benefits outweigh the possible risks.
Chlorzoxazone should be used with caution in patients with known allergies or with a history of allergic reactions to drugs. If a sensitivity reaction occurs such as urticaria, redness or itching of the skin, the drug should be stopped.
If any symptoms suggestive of liver dysfunction are observed, the drug should be discontinued.
After extensive clinical use of chlorzoxazone containing products in an estimated thirty-two million patients, it is apparent that the drug is well tolerated and seldom produces undesirable side effects. Occasional patients may develop gastrointestinal disturbances. It is possible in rare instances that chlorzoxazone may have been associated with gastrointestinal bleeding. Drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, malaise, or overstimulation may be noted by an occasional patient. Rarely, allergic-type skin rashes, petechiae, or ecchymoses may develop during treatment. Angioneurotic edema or anaphylactic reactions are extremely rare. There is no evidence that the drug will cause renal damage. Rarely, a patient may note discoloration of the urine resulting from a phenolic metabolite of chlorzoxazone. This finding is of no known clinical significance.
Initially, gastrointestinal disturbances such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea together with drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness or headache may occur. Early in the course there may be malaise or sluggishness followed by marked loss of muscle tone making voluntary movement impossible. The deep tendon reflexes may be decreased or absent. The sensorium remains intact, and there is no peripheral loss of sensation. Respiratory depression may occur with rapid, irregular respiration and intercostal substernal retraction. The blood pressure is lowered, but shock has not been observed.
Gastric lavage or induction of emesis should be carried out, followed by administration of activated charcoal. Thereafter, treatment is entirely supportive. If respirations are depressed, oxygen and artificial respiration should be employed and a patent airway assured by use of an oropharyngeal airway or endotracheal tube. Hypotension may be counteracted by use of dextran, plasma, concentrated albumin or a vasopressor agent such as norepinephrine. Cholinergic drugs or analeptic drugs are of no value and
should not be used.
Usual Adult Dosage:
Chlorzoxazone Tablets USP 250 mg: One tablet (250 mg) three or four times daily. Initial dosage for painful musculoskeletal conditions should be two tablets (500 mg) three or four times daily. If adequate response is not obtained with this dose, it may be increased to three tablets (750 mg) three or four times daily. As improvement occurs dosage can usually be reduced.
Chlorzoxazone Tablets USP 500 mg: One tablet three or four times daily. If adequate response is not obtained with this dose, it may be increased to one and one-half tablets (750 mg) three or four times daily. As improvement occurs dosage can usually be reduced.
Chlorzoxazone Tablets USP 250 mg: Light peach-colored, flat, beveled, edged tablets with imprint Amide 053 on the bisected side and hexagon on the other side. Available in bottles of 100’s and 1000’s.
Chlorzoxazone Tablets USP 500 mg: Light green color capsule shape tablets debossed “AMIDE” on the bisected side and “025” on the other side.
Available in bottles of 100’s, 500’s and 1000’s.
Store at controlled room temperature 15o-30oC (59o-86oF)[See USP].
Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.
AMIDE PHARMACEUTICAL, INC.
101 East Main Street Little Falls, N.J. 07424 USA
Data are from FDA and U.S. National Library of Medicine.