Rx Drugs Info

plasma-lyte 148 (Sodium chloride, Sodium Gluconate, Sodium Acetate, Potassium Chloride and Magnesium Chlorideinjection, solution 
[Baxter Healthcare Corporation]

DESCRIPTION

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic isotonic solution in a single dose container for intravenous administration. Each 100 mL contains 526 mg of Sodium Chloride, USP (NaCl); 502 mg of Sodium Gluconate (C6H11NaO7); 368 mg of Sodium Acetate Trihydrate, USP (C2H3NaO2•3H2O); 37 mg of Potassium Chloride, USP (KCl); and 30 mg of Magnesium Chloride, USP (MgCl2•6H2O). It contains no antimicrobial agents. The pH is adjusted with hydrochloric acid. The pH is 5.5 (4.0 to 8.0).

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) administered intravenously has value as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories. One liter has an ionic concentration of 140 mEq sodium, 5 mEq potassium, 3 mEq magnesium, 98 mEq chloride, 27 mEq acetate, and 23 mEq gluconate. The osmolarity is 294 mOsmol/L (calc). Normal physiologic osmolarity range is approximately 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. Administration of substantially hypertonic solutions may cause vein damage. The caloric content is 21 kcal/L.

The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological tests for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) has value as a source of water and electrolytes. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) produces a metabolic alkalinizing effect. Acetate and gluconate ions are metabolized ultimately to carbon dioxide and water, which requires the consumption of hydrogen cations.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is indicated as a source of water and electrolytes or as an alkalinizing agent.

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is compatible with blood or blood components. It may be administered prior to or following the infusion of blood through the same administration set (i.e., as a priming solution), added to or infused concurrently with blood components, or used as a diluent in the transfusion of packed erythrocytes. PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection and 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP are equally compatible with blood or blood components.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None known

WARNINGS

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with hyperkalemia, severe renal failure, and in conditions in which potassium retention is present.

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be used with great care in patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis. The administration of acetate or gluconate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.

The intravenous administration of PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) may result in sodium or potassium retention.

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be used with caution. Excess administration may result in metabolic alkalosis.

Caution must be exercised in the administration of PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP). It is also not known whether PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of electrolyte solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or drug therapy.

Do not administer unless solution is clear and seal is intact.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

As directed by a physician. Dosage is dependent upon the age, weight and clinical condition of the patient as well as laboratory determinations.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.

All injections in VIAFLEX plastic containers are intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment.

Additives may be incompatible. Complete information is not available. Those additives known to be incompatible should not be used. Consult with pharmacist, if available. If, in the informed judgment of the physician, it is deemed advisable to introduce additives, use aseptic technique. Mix thoroughly when additives have been introduced. Do not store solutions containing additives.

HOW SUPPLIED

PLASMA-LYTE 148 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) in VIAFLEX plastic containers is available as shown below:

Code Size (mL) NDC
2B2534 1000 NDC 0338-0179-04
2B2533 500 NDC 0338-0179-03

Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended the product be stored at room temperature (25°C); brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF VIAFLEX PLASTIC CONTAINER

Warning: Do not use plastic containers in series connections. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from the primary container before administration of the fluid from the secondary container is completed.

To Open

Tear overwrap down side at slit and remove solution container. Some opacity of the plastic due to moisture absorption during the sterilization process may be observed. This is normal and does not affect the solution quality or safety. The opacity will diminish gradually. Check for minute leaks by squeezing inner bag firmly. If leaks are found, discard solution as sterility may be impaired. If supplemental medication is desired, follow directions below.

Preparation for Administration

1. Suspend container from eyelet support.

2. Remove plastic protector from outlet port at bottom of container.

3. Attach administration set. Refer to complete directions accompanying set.

To Add Medication

Warning: Additives may be incompatible.

To add medication before solution administration

1. Prepare medication site.

2. Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.

3. Mix solution and medication thoroughly. For high density medication such as potassium chloride, squeeze ports while ports are upright and mix thoroughly.

To add medication during solution administration

1. Close clamp on the set.

2. Prepare medication site.

3. Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.

4. Remove container from IV pole and/or turn to an upright position.

5. Evacuate both ports by squeezing them while container is in the upright position.

6. Mix solution and medication thoroughly.

7. Return container to in use position and continue administration.

Baxter Healthcare Corporation

Deerfield, IL 60015 USA

Printed in USA

©Copyright 1982, 1983, 1989, 1993, Baxter Healthcare Corporation.

All rights reserved

7-19-29-396

BAXTER, PLASMA-LYTE, VIAFLEX, AND PL 146 ARE TRADEMARKS OF BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.


Plasma-Lyte 148 (Sodium chloride, Sodium Gluconate, Sodium Acetate, Potassium Chloride and Magnesium Chloride)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code 0338-0179 Dosage Form INJECTION, SOLUTION
Route Of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety) Type Strength
Sodium Chloride (Sodium Chloride) Active 526 MILLIGRAM  In 100 MILLILITER
Sodium Gluconate (Sodium Gluconate) Active 502 MILLIGRAM  In 100 MILLILITER
Sodium Acetate (Sodium Acetate) Active 368 MILLIGRAM  In 100 MILLILITER
Potassium Chloride (Potassium Chloride) Active 37 MILLIGRAM  In 100 MILLILITER
Magnesium Chloride (Magnesium Chloride) Active 30 MILLIGRAM  In 100 MILLILITER
Water Inactive  
Hydrochloric acid Inactive  
IMPRINT INFORMATION
Characteristic Appearance Characteristic Appearance
Color Score
Shape Symbol
Imprint Code Coating
Size
PACKAGING
# NDC Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 0338-0179-03 500 MILLILITER In 1 BAG None
2 0338-0179-04 1000 MILLILITER In 1 BAG None

Revised: 05/2006Baxter Healthcare Corporation

Data are from FDA and U.S. National Library of Medicine.