Rx Drugs Info

prezista (darunavir ethanolatetablet, film coated 
[Tibotec, Inc.]


1
Trademark of Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ltd.

Trademark of Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ltd.

DESCRIPTION

PREZISTA™ (darunavir) is an inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease.

PREZISTA™ (darunavir), in the form of darunavir ethanolate, has the following chemical name: [(1S,2R)-3-[[(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl](2-methylpropyl)amino]-2-hydroxy-1-(phenylmethyl)propyl]-carbamic acid (3R,3aS,6aR)-hexahydrofuro[2,3-b]furan-3-yl ester monoethanolate. Its molecular formula is C27H37N3O7S • C2H5OH and its molecular weight is 593.73. Darunavir ethanolate has the following structural formula:

Image from Drug Label Content

Darunavir ethanolate is a white to off-white powder with a solubility of approximately 0.15 mg/mL in water at 20°C.

PREZISTA is available as an orange, oval-shaped, film-coated tablet for oral administration. Each tablet contains darunavir ethanolate equivalent to 300 mg of darunavir. Each tablet also contains the inactive ingredients colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose. The tablet film coating, OPADRY® Orange, contains FD&C Yellow No. 6, polyethylene glycol 3350, polyvinyl alcohol-partially hydrolyzed, talc, and titanium dioxide.

All dosages for PREZISTA are expressed in terms of the free form of darunavir.

MICROBIOLOGY

Mechanism of Action

Darunavir is an inhibitor of the HIV-1 protease. It selectively inhibits the cleavage of HIV encoded Gag-Pol polyproteins in infected cells, thereby preventing the formation of mature virus particles.

Antiviral Activity

Darunavir exhibits activity against laboratory strains and clinical isolates of HIV-1 and laboratory strains of HIV-2 in acutely infected T-cell lines, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and human monocytes/macrophages with median EC50 values ranging from 1.2 to 8.5 nM (0.7 to 5.0 ng/mL). Darunavir demonstrates antiviral activity in cell culture against a broad panel of HIV-1 group M (A, B, C, D, E, F, G), and group O primary isolates with EC50 values ranging from < 0.1 to 4.3 nM. The EC50 value of darunavir increases by a median factor of 5.4 in the presence of human serum. Darunavir did not show antagonism when studied in combination with the protease inhibitors amprenavir, atazanavir, indinavir, lopinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, or tipranavir, the N(t)RTIs abacavir, didanosine, emtricitabine, lamivudine, stavudine, tenofovir, zalcitabine, or zidovudine, the NNRTIs delavirdine, efavirenz, or nevirapine, and the fusion inhibitor enfuvirtide.

Resistance

Cell Culture

HIV-1 isolates with a decreased susceptibility to darunavir have been selected in cell culture and obtained from subjects treated with darunavir/ritonavir. Darunavir-resistant virus derived in cell culture from wild-type HIV had 6- to 21-fold decreased susceptibility to darunavir and harbored 3 to 6 of the following amino acid substitutions S37N/D, R41E/S/T, K55Q, K70E, A71T, T74S, V77I, or I85V in the protease. Selection in cell culture of darunavir resistant HIV-1 from nine HIV-1 strains harboring multiple protease inhibitor resistance-associated mutations resulted in the overall emergence of 22 mutations in the protease gene, including L10F, V11I, I13V, I15V, G16E, L23I, V32I, L33F, S37N, M46I, I47V, I50V, F53L, L63P, A71V, G73S, L76V, V82I, I84V, T91A/S, and Q92R, of which L10F, V32I, L33F, S37N, M46I, I47V, I50V, L63P, A71V, and I84V were the most prevalent. These darunavir-resistant viruses had at least eight protease mutations and exhibited 50- to 641-fold decreases in darunavir susceptibility with final EC50 values ranging from 125 nM to 3461 nM.

Clinical studies of darunavir/ritonavir in treatment-experienced subjects

In the Phase 2b Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 and the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis, multiple protease inhibitor-resistant HIV-1 isolates from highly treatment-experienced subjects who received PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. and experienced virologic failure, either by rebound, or by never being suppressed, developed amino acid substitutions that were associated with a decrease in susceptibility to darunavir. The amino acid substitution V32I developed on PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. in greater than 30% of virologic failure isolates and substitutions at amino acid position I54 developed in greater than 20% of virologic failure isolates. Other substitutions that developed in 10% to 20% of PREZISTA/rtv virologic failure isolates occurred at amino acid positions I15, L33, I47, G73 and L89. The median darunavir phenotype (fold change from reference) of the virologic failure isolates was 21-fold at baseline and 94-fold at failure. Amino acid substitutions were also observed in the protease cleavage sites of some darunavir virologic failure isolates. The resistance profile in treatment-naïve subjects has not been characterized.

Cross-resistance

Cross-resistance among protease inhibitors has been observed. Darunavir has a < 10-fold decreased susceptibility in cell culture against 90% of 3309 clinical isolates resistant to amprenavir, atazanavir, indinavir, lopinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir and/or tipranavir showing that viruses resistant to these protease inhibitors remain susceptible to darunavir. In Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 and the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis, 60% (88/147) of subjects on darunavir/rtv whose baseline isolates had decreased susceptibility to tipranavir (tipranavir fold change > 3) demonstrated a decrease of ≥ 1 log10 in viral load at week 24, and 36% (53/147) achieved < 50 copies/mL plasma HIV RNA levels.

Darunavir-resistant viruses were not susceptible to amprenavir, atazanavir, indinavir, lopinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir or saquinavir in cell culture. However, six of nine darunavir-resistant viruses selected in cell culture from protease inhibitor-resistant viruses showed a fold change in EC50 values < 3 for tipranavir, indicative of limited cross-resistance between darunavir and tipranavir. Of the viruses isolated from subjects experiencing virologic failure on darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg b.i.d., greater than 50% were still susceptible to tipranavir while less than 5% were susceptible to other protease inhibitors (amprenavir, atazanavir, indinavir, lopinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, or saquinavir).

Cross-resistance between darunavir and the nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or the fusion inhibitor is unlikely because the viral targets are different.

Baseline Genotype/Phenotype and Virologic Outcome Analyses

Genotypic and/or phenotypic analysis of baseline virus may aid in determining darunavir susceptibility before initiation of PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. therapy. Analyses were conducted to evaluate the impact of specific baseline protease inhibitor resistance-associated mutations and the number of protease inhibitor resistance-associated mutations at baseline on virologic response. Both specific mutations and the number of baseline mutations, as well as susceptible drugs in the optimized background regimen and enfuvirtide use, affected PREZISTA/rtv response rates in Phase 2b Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202.

The presence at baseline of the mutations V32I, I47V, or I54L or M, was associated with a decreased virologic response to darunavir and decreased susceptibility to darunavir. In addition, a diminished virologic response was observed in subjects with ≥ 7 protease inhibitor resistance-associated mutations (any change at amino acid positions 30, 32, 36, 46, 47, 48, 50, 53, 54, 73, 82, 84, 88, or 90) at baseline (see Table 1). In a supportive analysis of Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 and the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis, the presence at baseline of three or more of the mutations V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54L or M, G73S, L76V, I84V or L89V was associated with a decreased virologic response to PREZISTA/rtv (the proportion of subjects achieving viral load < 50 plasma HIV RNA copies/mL at week 24 was 50%, 22% and 10% when the baseline genotype had 0-2, 3 and ≥4 of these mutations, respectively). Conclusions regarding the relevance of particular mutations or mutational patterns are subject to change pending additional data.

Table 1: Response to PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. by Baseline Number of Protease Inhibitor Resistance-Associated Mutations: As-Treated Analysis of Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202
Prezista/rtv 600/100 mg
(n = 125)
Comparative Arm
(n = 120)
PI Mutations^ n Proportion of subjects with ≥ 1 log10 decrease at Week 24 Proportion of subjects with < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 Median DAVG24 n Proportion of subjects with ≥ 1 log10 decrease at Week 24 Proportion of subjects with < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 Median DAVG24
^ Any change at protease amino acid positions 30, 32, 36, 46, 47, 48, 50, 53, 54, 73, 82, 84, 88 and 90
0 - 4 57 81% 46% -2.16 52 23% 13% -0.57
5 - 6 54 67% 52% -2.13 51 24% 16% -0.43
≥ 7 14 21% 14% -0.87 17 6% 0% -0.13

Baseline darunavir phenotype (shift in susceptibility relative to reference) was shown to be a predictive factor of virologic outcome. Response rates assessed by baseline darunavir phenotype are shown in Table 2. These baseline phenotype groups are based on the select subject populations in the Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 and the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis, and are not meant to represent definitive clinical susceptibility breakpoints for PREZISTA/rtv. The data are provided to give clinicians information on the likelihood of virologic success based on pre-treatment susceptibility to darunavir in protease inhibitor-experienced patients.

Table 2: Response to PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. by Baseline Darunavir Phenotype: As-Treated Analysis of Studies TMC114-C213, TMC114-C202, and TMC114-C215/C208
Baseline Darunavir Phenotype
N = 340
(fold change ranges)
Proportion of subjects with ≥ 1 log10 decrease at Week 24 Proportion of subjects with < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 Clinical Response Range
All ranges 70%
238/340
43%
147/340
Overall Response
0 - 2 88%
119/136
60%
82/136
Higher than Overall Response
> 2 - 7 73%
62/85
47%
40/85
Similar to Overall Response
> 7 - 30 52%
33/63
24%
15/63
Lower than Overall Response
> 30 43%
24/56
18%
10/56
Lower than Overall Response

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Pharmacokinetics in Adults

The pharmacokinetics of darunavir, co-administered with low dose ritonavir (100 mg twice daily), have been evaluated in healthy adult volunteers and in HIV-1 infected subjects. Table 3 displays the population pharmacokinetic estimates of darunavir from an analysis of integrated data from Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 of 119 subjects administered the darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg b.i.d. dose. Darunavir is primarily metabolized by CYP3A. Ritonavir inhibits CYP3A, thereby increasing the plasma concentrations of darunavir. When a single dose of 600 mg darunavir was given orally in combination with 100 mg ritonavir b.i.d., there was an approximate 14-fold increase in the systemic exposure of darunavir. Therefore, PREZISTA should only be used in combination with 100 mg of ritonavir to achieve sufficient exposures of darunavir.

Table 3: Population Pharmacokinetic Estimates of Darunavir at the Darunavir/Ritonavir 600/100 mg b.i.d. dose (Integrated data from TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202, Primary 24-Week Analysis)
Parameter Darunavir/Ritonavir 600/100 mg b.i.d.
N = 119
N = number of subjects with data.
AUC12h (ng∙h/mL)
  Geometric Mean ± Standard Deviation 62349 ± 16143
  Median (Range) 61668 (33857-106490)
C0h (ng/mL)
  Geometric Mean ± Standard Deviation 3578 ± 1151
  Median (Range) 3539 (1255-7368)

Figure 1 displays the mean plasma concentrations of darunavir and ritonavir at steady-state for the darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg b.i.d. dose.
 

Figure 1: Mean Steady-State Plasma Concentration-Time Profiles of Darunavir and Ritonavir at 600/100 mg b.i.d. at Week 4 (Integrated data from TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202, Primary 24-Week Analysis)

Image from Drug Label Content

Absorption and Bioavailability

Darunavir, co-administered with 100 mg ritonavir twice daily, was absorbed following oral administration with a Tmax of approximately 2.5-4 hours. The absolute oral bioavailability of a single 600 mg dose of darunavir alone and after co-administration with 100 mg ritonavir twice daily was 37% and 82%, respectively.

Effects of Food on Oral Absorption

When administered with food, the Cmax and AUC of darunavir, co-administered with ritonavir, is approximately 30% higher relative to the fasting state. Therefore, PREZISTA tablets, co-administered with ritonavir, should always be taken with food. Within the range of meals studied, darunavir exposure is similar. The total caloric content of the various meals evaluated ranged from 240 Kcal (12 gms fat) to 928 Kcal (56 gms fat).

Distribution

Darunavir is approximately 95% bound to plasma proteins. Darunavir binds primarily to plasma alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AAG).

Metabolism

In vitro experiments with human liver microsomes (HLMs) indicate that darunavir primarily undergoes oxidative metabolism. Darunavir is extensively metabolized by CYP enzymes, primarily by CYP3A. A mass balance study in healthy volunteers showed that after a single dose administration of 400 mg 14C-darunavir, co-administered with 100 mg ritonavir, the majority of the radioactivity in the plasma was due to darunavir. At least 3 oxidative metabolites of darunavir have been identified in humans; all showed activity that was at least 90% less than the activity of darunavir against wild-type HIV.

Elimination

A mass balance study in healthy volunteers showed that after single dose administration of 400 mg 14C-darunavir, co-administered with 100 mg ritonavir, approximately 79.5% and 13.9% of the administered dose of 14C-darunavir was recovered in the feces and urine, respectively. Unchanged darunavir accounted for approximately 41.2% and 7.7% of the administered dose in feces and urine, respectively. The terminal elimination half-life of darunavir was approximately 15 hours when combined with ritonavir. After intravenous administration, the clearance of darunavir, administered alone and co-administered with 100 mg twice daily ritonavir, was 32.8 L/h and 5.9 L/h, respectively.

Special Populations

Hepatic Impairment

Darunavir primarily undergoes hepatic metabolism. PREZISTA has not been studied in patients with varying degrees of hepatic impairment (see PRECAUTIONS, Patients with co-existing conditions, Hepatic Impairment and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C Virus Co-infection

The primary 24-week analysis of the data from Study TMC114-C213 in 31 HIV-1 infected subjects indicated that hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection status had no apparent effect on the exposure of darunavir.

Renal Impairment

Results from a mass balance study with 14C-darunavir/ritonavir showed that approximately 7.7% of the administered dose of darunavir is excreted in the urine as unchanged drug. As darunavir and ritonavir are highly bound to plasma proteins, it is unlikely that they will be significantly removed by hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Population pharmacokinetic analysis showed that the pharmacokinetics of darunavir were not significantly affected in HIV infected subjects with moderate renal impairment (CrCL between 30-60 mL/min, n=20). There are no pharmacokinetic data available in HIV-1 infected patients with severe renal impairment or end stage renal disease. (see PRECAUTIONS, Patients with co-existing conditions, Renal Impairment, and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Gender

Population pharmacokinetic analysis showed higher mean darunavir exposure (16.8%) in HIV infected females (n=68) compared to males. This difference is not clinically relevant.

Race

Population pharmacokinetic analysis of darunavir in HIV infected subjects indicated that race had no apparent effect on the exposure to darunavir.

Geriatric Patients

Population pharmacokinetic analysis in HIV infected subjects showed that darunavir pharmacokinetics are not considerably different in the age range (18 to 75 years) evaluated in HIV infected subjects (n=12, age ≥ 65) (see PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use).

Pediatric Patients

The pharmacokinetics of darunavir in combination with ritonavir in pediatric patients has not been established. There are insufficient data at this time to recommend a dose.

Drug Interactions

See also CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions.

Darunavir and ritonavir are both inhibitors of CYP3A. Co-administration of darunavir and ritonavir with drugs primarily metabolized by CYP3A may result in increased plasma concentrations of such drugs, which could increase or prolong their therapeutic effect and adverse events (see sections CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions).

Darunavir and ritonavir are metabolized by CYP3A. Drugs that induce CYP3A activity would be expected to increase the clearance of darunavir and ritonavir, resulting in lowered plasma concentrations of darunavir and ritonavir. Co-administration of darunavir and ritonavir and other drugs that inhibit CYP3A may decrease the clearance of darunavir and ritonavir and may result in increased plasma concentrations of darunavir and ritonavir.

Drug interaction studies were performed with darunavir and other drugs likely to be co-administered and some drugs commonly used as probes for pharmacokinetic interactions. The effects of co-administration of darunavir on the AUC, Cmax, and Cmin values are summarized in Table 4 (effect of other drugs on darunavir) and Table 5 (effect of darunavir on other drugs). For information regarding clinical recommendations, see PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions.

Table 4: Drug Interactions: Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Darunavir in the Presence of Co-administered Drugs
Co-Administered Drug Dose/Schedule N PK LS Mean Ratio (90% CI) of Darunavir
Pharmacokinetic Parameters With/Without Co-administered Drug
No Effect =1.00
Co-Administered Drug Darunavir/rtv Cmax AUC Cmin
N = number of subjects with data; - = no information available.
^ q.d. = daily
b.i.d. = twice daily
Ratio based on between-study comparison.
Co-Administration With Other Protease Inhibitors
Atazanavir 300 mg q.d.^ 400/100 mg b.i.d. 13 1.02
(0.96-1.09)
1.03
(0.94-1.12)
1.01
(0.88-1.16)
Indinavir 800 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 9 1.11
(0.98-1.26)
1.24
(1.09-1.42)
1.44
(1.13-1.82)
Lopinavir/Ritonavir 400/100 mg b.i.d. 300/100 mg b.i.d. 9 0.61
(0.51-0.74)
0.47
(0.40-0.55)
0.35
(0.29-0.42)
Saquinavir hard gel capsule
1000 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 14 0.83
(0.75-0.92)
0.74
(0.63-0.86)
0.58
(0.47-0.72)
Co-Administration With Other Antiretrovirals
Efavirenz 600 mg q.d. 300/100 mg b.i.d. 12 0.85
(0.72-1.00)
0.87
(0.75-1.01)
0.69
(0.54-0.87)
Nevirapine 200 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 8 1.40
(1.14-1.73)
1.24
(0.97-1.57)
1.02
(0.79-1.32)
Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate 300 mg q.d. 300/100 mg b.i.d. 12 1.16
(0.94-1.42)
1.21
(0.95-1.54)
1.24
(0.90-1.69)
Co-Administration With Other Drugs
Clarithromycin 500 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 17 0.83
(0.72-0.96)
0.87
(0.75-1.01)
1.01
(0.81-1.26)
Ketoconazole 200 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 14 1.21
(1.04-1.40)
1.42
(1.23-1.65)
1.73
(1.39-2.14)
Omeprazole 20 mg q.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 16 1.02
(0.95-1.09)
1.04
(0.96-1.13)
1.08
(0.93-1.25)
Paroxetine 20 mg q.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 16 0.97
(0.92-1.02)
1.02
(0.95-1.10)
1.07
(0.96-1.19)
Ranitidine 150 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 16 0.96
(0.89-1.05)
0.95
(0.90-1.01)
0.94
(0.90-0.99)
Sertraline 50 mg q.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 13 1.01
(0.89-1.14)
0.98
(0.84-1.14)
0.94
(0.76-1.16)

Table 5: Drug Interactions: Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Co-administered Drugs in the Presence of Darunavir/Ritonavir
Co-Administered Drug Dose/Schedule N PK LS Mean Ratio (90% CI) of Co-Administered Drug
Pharmacokinetic Parameters With/Without Darunavir
No Effect =1.00
Co-Administered Drug Darunavir/rtv Cmax AUC Cmin
N = number of subjects with data;- = no information available.
^ q.d. = daily
b.i.d. = twice daily
Co-Administration With Other Protease Inhibitors
Atazanavir 300 mg q.d.^/100 mg RTV q.d. when administered alone

300 mg q.d. when administered with darunavir/
ritonavir
400/100 mg b.i.d. 13 0.89
(0.78-1.01)
1.08
(0.94-1.24)
1.52
(0.99-2.34)
Indinavir 800 mg b.i.d./100 mg RTV b.i.d. when administered alone

800 mg b.i.d. when administered with darunavir/ritonavir
400/100 mg b.i.d. 9 1.08
(0.95-1.22)
1.23
(1.06-1.42)
2.25
(1.63-3.10)
Lopinavir/
Ritonavir
400/100 mg b.i.d. 300/100 mg b.i.d. 9 1.22
(1.12-1.32)
1.37
(1.27-1.49)
1.72
(1.46-2.03)
Saquinavir hard gel capsule 1000 mg b.i.d./100 mg RTV b.i.d. when administered alone

1000 mg b.i.d. when administered with darunavir/ritonavir
400/100 mg b.i.d. 12 0.94
(0.78-1.13)
0.94
(0.76-1.17)
0.82
(0.52-1.30)
Co-Administration With Other Antiretrovirals
Efavirenz 600 mg q.d. 300/100 mg b.i.d. 12 1.15
(0.97-1.35)
1.21
(1.08-1.36)
1.17
(1.01-1.36)
Nevirapine 200 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 8 1.18
(1.02-1.37)
1.27
(1.12-1.44)
1.47
(1.20-1.82)
Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate 300 mg q.d. 300/100 mg b.i.d. 12 1.24
(1.08-1.42)
1.22
(1.10-1.35)
1.37
(1.19-1.57)
Co-Administration With Other Drugs
Atorvastatin 40 mg q.d. when administered alone

10 mg q.d. when administered with darunavir/ritonavir
300/100 mg b.i.d. 15 0.56
(0.48-0.67)
0.85
(0.76-0.97)
1.81
(1.37-2.40)
Clarithromycin 500 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 17 1.26
(1.03-1.54)
1.57
(1.35-1.84)
2.74
(2.30-3.26)
Ketoconazole 200 mg b.i.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 15 2.11
(1.81-2.44)
3.12
(2.65-3.68)
9.68
(6.44-14.55)
Paroxetine 20 mg q.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 16 0.64
(0.59-0.71)
0.61
(0.56-0.66)
0.63
(0.55-0.73)
Pravastatin 40 mg
single dose
600/100 mg b.i.d. 14 1.63
(0.95-2.82)
1.81
(1.23-2.66)
-
Sertraline 50 mg q.d. 400/100 mg b.i.d. 13 0.56
(0.49-0.63)
0.51
(0.46-0.58)
0.51
(0.45-0.57)
Sildenafil 100 mg (single dose) administered alone

25 mg (single dose)
when administered with darunavir/
ritonavir
400/100 mg b.i.d. 16 0.62
(0.55-0.70)
0.97
(0.86-1.09)
-

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PREZISTA, co-administered with 100 mg ritonavir (PREZISTA/rtv), and with other antiretroviral agents, is indicated for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in antiretroviral treatment-experienced adult patients, such as those with HIV-1 strains resistant to more than one protease inhibitor.

This indication is based on Week 24 analyses of plasma HIV RNA levels and CD4+ cell counts from 2 controlled trials of PREZISTA/rtv in combination with other antiretroviral drugs. Both studies were conducted in clinically advanced, treatment-experienced (NRTIs, NNRTIs, and PIs) adult patients with evidence of HIV-1 replication despite ongoing antiretroviral therapy.

The following points should be considered when initiating therapy with PREZISTA/rtv:

Description of Clinical Studies

The evidence of efficacy of PREZISTA/rtv is based on the analyses of 24-week data from 2 ongoing, randomized, controlled trials, TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202, in antiretroviral treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected adult subjects. These efficacy results were supported by the 24-week pooled analysis of the open label trials TMC114-C215 and TMC114-C208 of subjects who initiated PREZISTA/rtv at the recommended dose.

Treatment-Experienced Subjects

Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202

These are ongoing randomized, controlled, Phase 2b trials consisting of 2 parts: an initial partially-blinded, dose-finding part and a second long-term part in which all subjects randomized to PREZISTA/rtv received the recommended dose of 600/100 mg b.i.d.

HIV-1 infected subjects who were eligible for these trials had plasma HIV-1 RNA > 1000 copies/mL, had prior treatment with PI(s), NNRTI(s) and NRTI(s), had at least one primary PI mutation (D30N, M46I/L, G48V, I50L/V, V82A/F/S/T, I84V, L90M) at screening, and were on a stable PI-containing regimen at screening for at least 8 weeks. Randomization was stratified by the number of PI mutations, screening viral load, and the use of enfuvirtide. Analyses included 318 subjects in Study TMC114-C213 and 319 subjects in Study TMC114-C202 who had completed 24 weeks of treatment or discontinued earlier.

At 24 weeks, the virologic response rate was evaluated in subjects receiving PREZISTA/rtv plus an optimized background regimen (OBR) versus a control group receiving an investigator-selected PI(s) regimen plus an OBR. Prior to randomization, PI(s) and OBR were selected by the investigator based on genotypic resistance testing and prior ARV history. The OBR consisted of at least 2 NRTIs with or without enfuvirtide. Selected PI(s) in the control arm included: lopinavir in 36%, (fos)amprenavir in 34%, saquinavir in 35% and atazanavir in 17%; 98% of control subjects received a ritonavir boosted PI regimen out of which 23% of control subjects used dual-boosted PIs. Approximately 47% of all subjects used enfuvirtide, and 35% of the use was in subjects who were ENF-naïve. Virologic response was defined as a decrease in plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load of at least 1.0 log10 versus baseline.

In the pooled analysis for TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202, demographics and baseline characteristics were balanced between the PREZISTA/rtv arm and the comparator PI arm. Table 6 compares the demographic characteristics between subjects in the PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. arm and subjects in the comparator PI arm.

Table 6: Demographic Characteristics of Subjects in the Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 (Pooled Analysis)
Randomized Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202
PREZISTA/rtv
600/100 mg b.i.d. + OBR
N = 131
Comparator PI(s) + OBR
N = 124
Demographic Characteristics
Age (years)
(range, years)
43.0
(27-73)
44.0
(25-65)
Sex
  Male 89% 88%
  Female 11% 12%
Race
  White 81% 73%
  Black 10% 15%
  Hispanic 7% 8%
Median Baseline Plasma HIV-1 RNA (log10 copies/mL)
(range, log10 copies/mL)
4.52
(3.0-6.4)
4.56
(2.2-6.1)
Median Baseline CD4+ Cell Count (cells/mm3)
(range, cells/mm3)
153
(3-776)
163
(3-1274)
Percentage of Patients with Baseline Viral Load > 100,000 copies/mL 24.4% 29.0%
Percentage of Patients with Baseline CD4+ Cell Count < 200 cells/mm3 67% 58%
Median Darunavir FC 4.3 3.3

Table 7 compares the baseline characteristics between subjects in the PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. arm and subjects in the comparator PI arm.

Table 7: Baseline Characteristics of Subjects in the Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 (Pooled Analysis)
Randomized Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202
PREZISTA/rtv
600/100 mg b.i.d. + OBR
N = 131
Comparator PI(s) + OBR
N = 124
^ L10F/I/R/V, K20I/L/M/R/T, L24I, D30N, V32I, L33F/I, M36I/L/V, M46I/L, I47A/V, G48V, I50L/V, F53L, I54A/L/M/S/T/V, A71V/T, G73A/C/S/T, V77I, V82A/F/L/S/T, I84A/C/V, N88D/S, L90M
Based on the IAS-USA list of mutations (March 2005): D30N, L33F/I, M46I/L, G48V, I50L/V, V82A/F/L/S/T, I84A/C/V, L90M
Only counting ARVs, excluding low-dose ritonavir, taken for at least 2 months, and for which start and stop dates were available
§ Based on phenotype (Antivirogram™)
Commercially available PIs at the time of study enrollment
Baseline Characteristics
Median Number of Resistance-Associated:
  PI mutations^ 8 8
  NNRTI mutations 1 1
  NRTI mutations 6 5
Percentage of Subjects with the following Baseline IAS Primary Protease Mutations:
  ≤ 1 8% 13%
  2 37% 25%
  ≥ 3 54% 62%
Median Number of ARVs Previously Used:
  NRTIs 6 6
  NNRTIs 1 1
  PIs (excluding low-dose ritonavir) 5 5
Percentage of Subjects Resistant§ to All Available PIs at Baseline, excluding Tipranavir 64% 61%
Percentage of Subjects with Prior Use of Enfuvirtide 19% 16%

Week 24 outcomes for subjects on the recommended dose PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. from the pooled Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 are shown in Table 8.

Table 8: Outcomes of Randomized Treatment Through Week 24 of the Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 (Pooled Analysis)
Randomized Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202
PREZISTA/rtv 600 mg b.i.d. + OBR
N=131
Comparator PI + OBR
N=124
^ Subjects who did not achieve at least a confirmed 0.5 log10 HIV-1 RNA drop from baseline at Week 12
Subjects with an initial response (confirmed 1 log10 drop in viral load), but without a confirmed 1 log10 drop in viral load at Week 24
Subjects who never reached a confirmed 1 log10 drop in viral load before Week 24
Virologic Responders
  confirmed at least 1 log10 HIV-1 RNA below baseline
  through Week 24
  (< 50 copies/mL at Week 24)
69.5%
(45.0%)
21.0%
(12.1%)
Virologic failures 26.0% 71.0%
  Lack of initial response^ 9.9% 57.3%
  Rebound 9.2% 9.7%
  Never Suppressed 6.9% 4.0%
Death or discontinuation due to adverse events 3.9% 1.6%
Discontinuation due to other reasons 0.8% 6.5%

Through 24 weeks of treatment, the proportion of subjects with HIV-1 RNA < 400 copies/mL in the arm receiving PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. compared to the comparator PI arm was 63% and 19%, respectively. In addition, the mean changes in plasma HIV-1 RNA from baseline were -1.89 log10 copies/mL in the arm receiving PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. and -0.48 log10 copies/mL for the comparator PI arm. The mean increase from baseline in CD4+ cell counts was higher in the arm receiving PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. (92 cells/mm3) than in the comparator PI arm (17 cells/mm3).

The TMC114-C215/C208 analysis

Additional data on the efficacy of PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. have been obtained in treatment-experienced subjects participating in the non-randomized trials TMC114-C215 and TMC114-C208. The 246 subjects from these trials included in the TMC114-C215/C208 24-week efficacy analysis initiated therapy with PREZISTA/rtv with the recommended dose of 600/100 mg b.i.d. The OBR consisted of at least two NRTIs with or without enfuvirtide. Entry criteria for the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis were the same as those for Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202.

Baseline characteristics of the subjects included in the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis were comparable to those subjects in Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202.

The TMC114-C215/C208 24-week efficacy analysis supported the viral load reduction and CD4+ cell count increases observed in the Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202. Of the 246 subjects at Week 24, 65% had a virologic response defined as a decrease of at least 1.0 log10 in plasma viral load versus baseline and 40% of the subjects reached less than 50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL. The mean increase in CD4+ cell count versus baseline was 80 cells/mm3 at Week 20. At Week 24, 57% of the subjects reached less than 400 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL, and the mean changes in plasma HIV-1 RNA from baseline were -1.65 log10 copies/mL.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

PREZISTA is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients of the product.

Co-administration of PREZISTA/rtv is contraindicated with drugs that are highly dependent on CYP3A for clearance and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events (narrow therapeutic index). These drugs are listed in Table 9 (also see PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions, Table 10).

Table 9: Drugs That Are Contraindicated With PREZISTA/rtv
Drug Class Drugs Within Class That Are Contraindicated With PREZISTA/rtv
Antihistamines Astemizole, Terfenadine
Ergot Derivatives Dihydroergotamine, Ergonovine, Ergotamine, Methylergonovine
GI Motility Agent Cisapride
Neuroleptic Pimozide
Sedative/hypnotics Midazolam, Triazolam

Due to the need for co-administration of PREZISTA with 100 mg of ritonavir, please refer to ritonavir prescribing information for a description of ritonavir contraindications.

WARNINGS

ALERT: Find out about medicines that should not be taken with PREZISTA/rtv. This statement is included on the product's bottle label.

General

PREZISTA (darunavir) must be co-administered with ritonavir and food to exert its therapeutic effect (see DOSAGE and ADMINISTRATION). Failure to correctly administer PREZISTA with ritonavir and food will result in reduced plasma concentrations of darunavir that will be insufficient to achieve the desired antiviral effect.

Please refer to ritonavir prescribing information for additional information on precautionary measures.

Skin Rash

During the clinical development program, severe skin rash, including erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, has been reported. In some cases, fever and elevations of transaminases have also been reported. In clinical trials (n=924), rash (all grades, regardless of causality) occurred in 7% of subjects treated with PREZISTA; the discontinuation rate due to rash was 0.3%. Rashes were generally mild-to-moderate, self-limited maculopapular skin eruptions. Treatment with PREZISTA should be discontinued if severe rash develops.

Sulfa Allergy

Darunavir contains a sulfonamide moiety. PREZISTA (darunavir) should be used with caution in patients with a known sulfonamide allergy.

Drug Interactions

PREZISTA and ritonavir are both inhibitors of CYP3A. Co-administration of PREZISTA/rtv with drugs primarily metabolized by CYP3A may result in increased plasma concentrations of such drugs, which could increase or prolong their therapeutic effect and adverse events (see sections CONTRAINDICATIONS and PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions).

Diabetes Mellitus / Hyperglycemia

New onset diabetes mellitus, exacerbation of pre-existing diabetes mellitus, and hyperglycemia have been reported during postmarketing surveillance in HIV-infected patients receiving protease inhibitor therapy. Some patients required either initiation or dose adjustments of insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents for treatment of these events. In some cases, diabetic ketoacidosis has occurred. In those patients who discontinued protease inhibitor therapy, hyperglycemia persisted in some cases. Because these events have been reported voluntarily during clinical practice, estimates of frequency cannot be made and causal relationships between protease inhibitor therapy and these events have not been established.

PRECAUTIONS

Patients with co-existing conditions

Hepatic Impairment

Darunavir is primarily metabolized by the liver, hence, caution should be exercised when PREZISTA/rtv is given to patients with hepatic impairment, because increased plasma concentrations are expected in patients with hepatic impairment. There are no data regarding the use of PREZISTA/rtv when co-administered to patients with varying degrees of hepatic impairment; therefore, specific dosage recommendations cannot be made. PREZISTA/rtv should be used with caution in patients with hepatic impairment (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics in Adults, Special Populations, Hepatic Impairment and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Patients with pre-existing liver dysfunction, including chronic active hepatitis B or C, have an increased risk for liver function abnormalities including severe hepatic adverse events during combination antiretroviral therapy and should be monitored according to standard practice. If there is evidence of worsening of liver disease in such patients, interruption or discontinuation of treatment must be considered.

Renal Impairment

Population pharmacokinetic analysis showed that the pharmacokinetics of darunavir were not significantly affected in HIV infected subjects with moderate renal impairment (CrCL between 30-60 mL/min, n=20). There are no pharmacokinetic data available in HIV-1 infected patients with severe renal impairment or end stage renal disease; however, since the renal clearance of darunavir is limited, a decrease in total body clearance is not expected in patients with renal impairment. As darunavir and ritonavir are highly bound to plasma proteins, it is unlikely that they will be significantly removed by hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics in Adults, Special Populations, Renal Impairment and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Hemophilia

There have been reports of increased bleeding, including spontaneous skin hematomas and hemarthrosis in patients with hemophilia type A and B treated with protease inhibitors. In some patients, additional factor VIII was given. In more than half of the reported cases, treatment with protease inhibitors was continued or reintroduced if treatment had been discontinued. A causal relationship between protease inhibitor therapy and these episodes has not been established.

Fat Redistribution

Redistribution/accumulation of body fat, including central obesity, dorsocervical fat enlargement (buffalo hump), peripheral wasting, facial wasting, breast enlargement, and "cushingoid appearance" have been observed in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. The mechanism and long-term consequences of these events are currently unknown. A causal relationship has not been established.

Immune Reconstitution Syndrome

During the initial phase of treatment, patients responding to antiretroviral therapy may develop an inflammatory response to indolent or residual opportunistic infections (such as Mycobacterium avium complex, cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis jeroveci pneumonia, and tuberculosis), which may necessitate further evaluation and treatment.

Resistance/Cross-Resistance

Because the potential for HIV cross-resistance among protease inhibitors has not been fully explored in PREZISTA/rtv treated patients, it is unknown what effect therapy with PREZISTA will have on the activity of subsequently administered protease inhibitors.

Information for Patients

A statement to patients and healthcare providers is included on the product's bottle label: ALERT: Find out about medicines that should NOT be taken with PREZISTA. A Patient Package Insert for PREZISTA is available for patient information.

Patients should be informed that PREZISTA is not a cure for HIV infection and that they may continue to develop opportunistic infections and other complications associated with HIV disease. The long-term effects of PREZISTA are unknown at this time. Patients should be told that there are currently no data demonstrating that therapy with PREZISTA can reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others.

Patients should be told that sustained decreases in plasma HIV RNA have been associated with a reduced risk of progression to AIDS and death. Patients should remain under the care of a physician while using PREZISTA.

Patients should be advised to take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) with food every day as prescribed. The type of food does not affect exposure to PREZISTA. Patients should be instructed to swallow whole tablets with a drink such as water or milk. PREZISTA must always be used with 100 mg of ritonavir (NORVIR®) in combination with other antiretroviral drugs. Patients should not alter the dose of either PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®), discontinue ritonavir (NORVIR®), or discontinue therapy with PREZISTA without consulting their physician. If a patient misses a dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) by more than 6 hours, the patient should be told to wait and then take the next dose of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) at the regularly scheduled time. If the patient misses a dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) by less than 6 hours, the patient should be told to take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) immediately, and then take the next dose of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) at the regularly scheduled time. If a dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) is skipped, the patient should not double the next dose. Inform the patient that he or she should not take more or less than the prescribed dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) at any one time.

PREZISTA/rtv may interact with many drugs; therefore, patients should be advised to report to their healthcare provider the use of any other prescription or nonprescription medication or herbal products, including St. John's wort.

Patients receiving estrogen-based contraceptives should be instructed to use alternate contraceptive measures during therapy with PREZISTA/rtv because hormonal levels may decrease.

Patients should be informed that redistribution or accumulation of body fat may occur in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy, including PREZISTA/rtv, and that the cause and long-term health effects of these conditions are not known at this time.

Drug Interactions

PREZISTA and ritonavir are both inhibitors of CYP3A. Co-administration of PREZISTA and ritonavir with drugs that are primarily metabolized by CYP3A may result in increased plasma concentrations of such drugs, which could increase or prolong their therapeutic effect and adverse events (see Tables 10 and 11).

Drugs that are contraindicated and not recommended for co-administration with PREZISTA/rtv are included in Table 10. These recommendations are based on either drug interaction studies or predicted interactions due to the expected magnitude of interaction and potential for serious events or loss of efficacy.

Table 10: Drugs That Should Not Be Co-administered With PREZISTA/rtv
Drug Class: Drug Name Clinical Comment
Anticonvulsants:
carbamazepine,
phenobarbital,
phenytoin
Carbamazepine, phenobarbital and phenytoin are inducers of CYP450 enzymes. PREZISTA/rtv should not be used in combination with phenobarbital, phenytoin, or carbamazepine as co-administration may cause significant decreases in darunavir plasma concentrations. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect to PREZISTA.
Antihistamines:
astemizole,
terfenadine
CONTRAINDICATED due to potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias.
Antimycobacterial:
rifampin
Rifampin is a potent inducer of CYP450 metabolism. PREZISTA/rtv should not be used in combination with rifampin, as this may cause significant decreases in darunavir plasma concentrations. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect to PREZISTA.
Ergot Derivatives:
dihydroergotamine,
ergonovine,
ergotamine,
methylergonovine
CONTRAINDICATED due to potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as acute ergot toxicity characterized by peripheral vasospasm and ischemia of the extremities and other tissues.
Gastrointestinal Motility Agent:
cisapride
CONTRAINDICATED due to potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias.
Herbal Products:
St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum)
PREZISTA/rtv should not be used concomitantly with products containing St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) because co-administration may cause significant decreases in darunavir plasma concentrations. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect to PREZISTA.
HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors:
lovastatin,
simvastatin
Potential for serious reactions such as risk of myopathy including rhabdomyolysis.

For dosing recommendation regarding atorvastatin and pravastatin, see Table 11: Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions: Alterations in Dose or Regimen May Be Recommended Based on Drug Interaction Studies or Predicted Interaction.
Neuroleptic:
pimozide
CONTRAINDICATED due to the potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as cardiac arrhythmias.
Sedative/Hypnotics:
midazolam,
triazolam
CONTRAINDICATED due to potential for serious and/or life-threatening reactions such as prolonged or increased sedation or respiratory depression.
Table 11: Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions: Alterations in Dose or Regimen May Be Recommended Based on Drug Interaction Studies or Predicted Interaction (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY for Magnitude of Interaction, Tables 4 and 5)
Concomitant Drug Class: Drug Name Effect on Concentration of Darunavir or Concomitant Drug Clinical Comment
HIV-Antiviral Agents: Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)
Efavirenz ↓ darunavir
↑ efavirenz
Co-administration of darunavir/rtv and efavirenz decreased darunavir AUC by 13% and Cmin by 31%. The AUC of efavirenz increased by 21% and Cmin increased by 17%. The clinical significance has not been established. The combination of PREZISTA/rtv and efavirenz should be used with caution.
Nevirapine ↔ darunavir
↑ nevirapine
PREZISTA/rtv and nevirapine can be co-administered without any dose adjustments.
HIV-Antiviral Agents: Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs)
Didanosine It is recommended that didanosine be administered on an empty stomach. Therefore, didanosine should be administered one hour before or two hours after PREZISTA/rtv (which are administered with food).
Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate ↔ darunavir
↑ tenofovir
PREZISTA/rtv and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate can be co-administered without any dose adjustments.
HIV-Antiviral Agents: HIV-Protease Inhibitors (PIs)
Atazanavir

(The reference regimen for atazanavir was atazanavir/ritonavir 300/100 mg q.d.)
↔ darunavir
↔ atazanavir
PREZISTA/rtv and atazanavir (300 mg q.d.) can be co-administered.
Indinavir

(The reference regimen for indinavir was indinavir/ritonavir 800/100 mg b.i.d.)
↑ darunavir
↑ indinavir
The appropriate dose of indinavir in combination with PREZISTA/rtv has not been established.
Lopinavir/ritonavir ↓ darunavir
↑ lopinavir
Due to decrease in the exposure (AUC) of darunavir by 53%, appropriate doses of the combination have not been established. Hence, it is not recommended to co-administer lopinavir/ritonavir and PREZISTA, with or without an additional low-dose of ritonavir.
Saquinavir ↓ darunavir
↔ saquinavir
Due to a decrease in the exposure (AUC) of darunavir by 26%, appropriate doses of the combination have not been established. Hence, it is not recommended to co-administer saquinavir and PREZISTA, with or without low-dose ritonavir.
Other Agents
Antiarrhythmics:
bepridil,
lidocaine (systemic),
quinidine,
amiodarone
↑ antiarrhythmics Concentrations of bepridil, lidocaine, quinidine and amiodarone may be increased when co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv. Caution is warranted and therapeutic concentration monitoring, if available, is recommended for antiarrhythmics when co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv.
Anticoagulant:
warfarin
↓ warfarin
↔ darunavir
Warfarin concentrations may be affected when co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv. It is recommended that the international normalized ratio (INR) be monitored when warfarin is combined with PREZISTA/rtv.
Antidepressant:
trazodone
↑ trazodone Concomitant use of trazodone and PREZISTA/rtv may increase plasma concentrations of trazodone. Adverse events of nausea, dizziness, hypotension and syncope have been observed following co-administration of trazodone and ritonavir. If trazodone is used with a CYP3A inhibitor such as PREZISTA/rtv, the combination should be used with caution and a lower dose of trazodone should be considered.
Anti-infective:
clarithromycin
↑ clarithromycin No dose adjustment of darunavir or clarithromycin is required for patients with normal renal function. For patients with renal impairment, the following dose adjustments should be considered:
  • For subjects with CLcr of 30-60 mL/min, the dose of clarithromycin should be reduced by 50%.
  • For subjects with CLcr of < 30 mL/min, the dose of clarithromycin should be reduced by 75%.
Antifungals:
ketoconazole,
itraconazole,
voriconazole
↑ ketoconazole
↑ darunavir
↑ itraconazole
(not studied)
↓ voriconazole
(not studied)
Ketoconazole and itraconazole are potent inhibitors as well as substrates of CYP3A. Concomitant systemic use of ketoconazole, itraconazole, and darunavir/ritonavir may increase plasma concentration of darunavir.

Plasma concentrations of ketoconazole or itraconazole may be increased in the presence of darunavir/ritonavir. When co-administration is required, the daily dose of ketoconazole or itraconazole should not exceed 200 mg.

Co-administration of voriconazole with darunavir/ritonavir has not been studied. Administration of voriconazole with ritonavir (100 mg twice daily) decreased the AUC of voriconazole by an average of 39%. Voriconazole should not be administered to patients receiving darunavir/ritonavir unless an assessment of the benefit/risk ratio justifies the use of voriconazole.
Antimycobacterial:
rifabutin
↑ rifabutin
↓ darunavir
Rifabutin is an inducer and substrate of CYP450 enzymes. Concomitant use of rifabutin and darunavir in the presence of ritonavir is expected to increase rifabutin plasma concentrations and decrease darunavir plasma concentrations. When indicated, it is recommended to administer rifabutin at a dosage of 150 mg once every other day when co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv.
Calcium Channel
Blockers:
felodipine,
nifedipine,
nicardipine
↑ calcium channel blockers Plasma concentrations of calcium channel blockers (e.g. felodipine, nifedipine, nicardipine) may increase when PREZISTA/rtv are co-administered. Caution is warranted and clinical monitoring of patients is recommended.
Corticosteroid:
dexamethasone
fluticasone propionate
↓ darunavir
↑ fluticasone propionate
Use with caution. Systemic dexamethasone induces CYP3A and can thereby decrease darunavir plasma concentrations. This may result in loss of therapeutic effect to PREZISTA. Concomitant use of inhaled fluticasone propionate and PREZISTA/rtv may increase plasma concentrations of fluticasone propionate. Alternatives should be considered, particularly for long term use.
HMG-CoA
Reductase Inhibitors:
pravastatin,
atorvastatin,
rosuvastatin


↑ pravastatin,
↑ atorvastatin,
↑ rosuvastatin
When PREZISTA/rtv was administered with pravastatin, the mean increase in pravastatin AUC was 81%. However, pravastatin AUC increased by up to 5-fold in some subjects. The mechanism of the interaction is not known.

Use the lowest possible dose of atorvastatin, pravastatin or rosuvastatin with careful monitoring, or consider other HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors such as fluvastatin in combination with PREZISTA/rtv.
H2-Receptor Antagonists and Proton Pump Inhibitors:
omeprazole,
ranitidine
↔ darunavir PREZISTA/rtv can be co-administered with H2-receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors without any dose adjustments.
Immunosuppressants:
cyclosporine,
tacrolimus,
sirolimus
↑ immunosuppressants
Plasma concentrations of cyclosporine, tacrolimus or sirolimus may be increased when co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv. Therapeutic concentration monitoring of the immunosuppressive agent is recommended for immunosuppressant agents when co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv.
Narcotic Analgesic:
methadone
↓ methadone When methadone is co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv, patients should be monitored for opiate abstinence syndrome, as ritonavir is known to induce the metabolism of methadone, leading to a decrease in its plasma concentrations. An increase in methadone dosage may be considered based on the clinical response.
Oral Contraceptives/estrogen:
ethinyl estradiol
norethindrone
↓ ethinyl estradiol
↓ norethindrone
Plasma concentrations of ethinyl estradiol may be decreased due to induction of its metabolism by ritonavir. Alternative or additional contraceptive measures should be used when estrogen-based contraceptives are co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv.
PDE-5 inhibitors:
sildenafil,
vardenafil,
tadalafil
↑ PDE-5 inhibitors Concomitant use of PDE-5 inhibitors with PREZISTA/rtv should be done with caution. If concomitant use of PREZISTA/rtv with sildenafil, vardenafil, or tadalafil is required, sildenafil at a single dose not exceeding 25 mg in 48 hours, vardenafil at a single dose not exceeding 2.5 mg dose in 72 hours, or tadalafil at a single dose not exceeding 10 mg dose in 72 hours, is recommended.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs):
sertraline,
paroxetine
↔ darunavir
↓ sertraline
↓ paroxetine
If sertraline or paroxetine is co-administered with PREZISTA/rtv, the recommended approach is a careful dose titration of the SSRI based on a clinical assessment of antidepressant response. In addition, patients on a stable dose of sertraline or paroxetine who start treatment with PREZISTA/rtv should be monitored for antidepressant response.

Other NRTIs

Based on the different elimination pathways of the other NRTIs (zidovudine, zalcitabine, emtricitabine, stavudine, lamivudine and abacavir) that are primarily renally excreted, no drug interactions are expected for these drugs and PREZISTA/rtv.

Other protease inhibitors

The co-administration of PREZISTA/rtv and PIs other than lopinavir/ritonavir, saquinavir, atazanavir, and indinavir has not been studied. Therefore, such co-administration is not recommended.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis

Long-term carcinogenicity studies of darunavir in rodents have not been completed. Darunavir, however, was tested negative in the in vitro Ames reverse mutation assay and in vitro chromosomal aberration assay in human lymphocytes, both tested in the absence and presence of metabolic activation system. Darunavir does not induce chromosomal damage in the in vivo micronucleus test in mice.

Impairment of Fertility

There were no effects on fertility and early embryonic development with darunavir in rats and darunavir has shown no teratogenic potential in mice (in the presence or absence of ritonavir), rats and rabbits.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category B

Reproduction studies conducted with darunavir have shown no embryotoxicity or teratogenicity in mice, rats and rabbits. Because of limited bioavailability of darunavir in animals and/or dosing limitations, the plasma exposures (AUC values) were approximately 50% in mice and rats and 5% in the rabbit of those obtained in humans at the recommended clinical dose boosted with ritonavir.

In the rat pre- and postnatal development study, a reduction in pup body weight gain was observed with darunavir alone or in combination with ritonavir during lactation. This was due to exposure of pups to drug substances via the milk. Sexual development, fertility or mating performance of offspring was not affected by maternal treatment with darunavir alone or in combination with ritonavir. The maximal plasma exposures achieved in rats were approximately 50% of those obtained in humans at the recommended clinical dose boosted with ritonavir.

There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. PREZISTA should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk.

Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry: To monitor maternal-fetal outcomes of pregnant women exposed to PREZISTA, an Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry has been established. Physicians are encouraged to register patients by calling 1-800-258-4263.

Nursing Mothers

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HIV-infected mothers not breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV. Although it is not known whether darunavir is secreted in human milk, darunavir is secreted into the milk of lactating rats. Because of both the potential for HIV transmission and the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, mothers should be instructed not to breastfeed if they are receiving PREZISTA.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of PREZISTA did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. In general, caution should be exercised in the administration and monitoring of PREZISTA in elderly patients reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The safety assessment is based on all safety data from the Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 and the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis reported with the recommended dose PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. in the 458 subjects who initiated treatment with the recommended dose (de novo subjects). In Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202, the mean exposure in weeks for subjects in the PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. arm and comparator PI arm was 63.5 and 31.5, respectively. The mean exposure in weeks for subjects in the TMC114-C215/C208 analysis was 23.9.

The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (> 10%) reported in the de novo subjects, regardless of causality or frequency, were diarrhea, nausea, headache, and nasopharyngitis.

For subjects in the PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. arm and the comparator PI arm in the pooled analysis for Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202, diarrhea was reported in 19.8% and 28.2%, nausea in 18.3% and 12.9%, headache in 15.3% and 20.2%, and nasopharyngitis in 13.7% and 10.5%, of subjects, respectively. In the randomized trials, rates of discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events were 9% in subjects receiving PREZISTA/rtv and in 5% of subjects in the comparator PI arm.

Due to the need for co-administration of PREZISTA with 100 mg of ritonavir, please refer to ritonavir prescribing information for ritonavir-associated adverse reactions.

Drug-related clinical adverse events of moderate or severe intensity (≥ Grade 2) occurring in ≥ 2% of subjects treated with PREZISTA/rtv for 1 to 96 weeks are presented in Table 12.

Table 12: Percentage of Subjects with Selected Treatment Emergent, Drug-Related^ Adverse Events of at least Moderate Intensity (Grades 2-4) in ≥ 2% of Adult Subjects in Any PREZISTA/rtv Treatment Groups
System Organ Class, Preferred Term,
%
Randomized Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 Non-randomized TMC114-C215/C208 Analysis
PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. +OBR
N = 131
Comparator PI +OBR
N = 124
PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d.+OBR
N = 327
^ Includes adverse events at least possibly, probably, or very likely related to the drug
N=total number of subjects per treatment group
Excludes laboratory abnormalities that were reported as Adverse Events (see Table 13: Treatment Emergent Grade 2 to 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥ 2% of Subjects)
Gastrointestinal Disorders
  Diarrhea 2.3% 3.2% 2.8%
  Vomiting 1.5% 1.6% 2.4%
  Abdominal Pain 2.3% 0.8% 1.2%
  Constipation 2.3% 0.8% 0.6%
Nervous System Disorders
  Headache 3.8% 2.4% 0.9%

Treatment-emergent adverse events occurring in less than 2% of de novo subjects (n=458) receiving PREZISTA/rtv, considered at least possibly related to treatment and of at least moderate intensity are listed below by body system:

Body as a Whole:

folliculitis, asthenia, pyrexia, fatigue, rigors, hyperthermia, peripheral edema

Cardiovascular System:

myocardial infarction, tachycardia, hypertension

Digestive System:

flatulence, abdominal distension, dry mouth, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation

Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders:

anorexia, hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, decreased appetite, obesity, fat redistribution, hyponatremia, polydipsia

Musculoskeletal System:

arthralgia, pain in extremity, myalgia, osteopenia, osteoporosis

Nervous System:

peripheral neuropathy, hypoesthesia, memory impairment, paresthesia, somnolence, transient ischemic attack, confusional state, disorientation, irritability, altered mood, nightmare, anxiety, headache

Respiratory System:

dyspnea, cough, hiccups

Skin and Appendages:

lipoatrophy, night sweats, allergic dermatitis, eczema, toxic skin eruption, alopecia, dermatitis medicamentosa, hyperhidrosis, skin inflammation, maculopapular rash,

Special Senses:

vertigo

Urogenital System:

acute renal failure, renal insufficiency, nephrolothiasis, polyuria, gynecomastia

Laboratory abnormalities

The percentages of adult subjects treated with PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. with treatment-emergent Grade 2 to 4 laboratory abnormalities are presented in Table 13.

Table 13: Treatment Emergent Grade 2 to 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥ 2% of Subjects
Randomized Studies TMC114-C213 and TMC114-C202 Non-randomized TMC114-C215/C208 Analysis
Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term,
%
Limit PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d. + OBR
N = 131
Comparator PI + OBR
N = 124
PREZISTA/rtv 600/100 mg b.i.d.
N = 327
Biochemistry
  Aspartate
  Aminotransferase
> 2.5 X ULN 10.0% 13.0% 5.3%
  Alanine
  Aminotransferase
> 2.5 X ULN 6.9% 9.8% 5.6%
  Gamma Glutamyl
  Transferase
> 2.5 X ULN 9.2% 8.9% 8.4%
  Hyperbilirubinemia > 1.5 X ULN 2.3% 15.4% 0.9%
  Alkaline
  Phosphatase
> 2.5 X ULN 4.6% 0% 2.8%
  Pancreatic Amylase > 1.5 X ULN 16.9% 8.9% 10.8%
  Pancreatic Lipase > 1.5 X ULN 8.5% 4.1% 6.2%
  Hyperglycemia ≥ 161 mg/dL 2.3% 8.1% 5.9%
  Hypoglycemia ≤ 54 mg/dL 1.5% 1.6% 3.7%
  Total Cholesterol ≥ 240 mg/dL 9.2% 3.3% 8.0%
  Triglycerides > 400 mg/dL 25.4% 26.0% 18.9%
  Hypoalbuminemia < 3 g/dL 3.1% 1.6% 4.3%
  Hyperuricemia ≥ 9.9 mg/dL 6.9% 6.5% 2.2%
  Bicarbonate < 15 mmol/L 3.1% 4.1% 3.4%
  Hypocalcemia ≤ 7.8 mg/dL 0% 0.8% 4.0%
  Hyponatremia ≤ 129 meq/L 0.8% 0% 2.5%
  Hypernatremia ≥ 151 meq/L 2.3% 0% 0%
Hematology
  White Blood Cell
  Count decrease
< 3000 count/mm3 15.4% 18.7% 13.0%
  Total Absolute
  Neutrophil
  Count decrease
≤ 999 mm3 6.9% 9.8% 11.5%
  Lymphocytes
  decrease
< 1000 count/mm3 4.6% 19.5% 10.9%
  Partial
  Thromboplastin
  Time increase
> 1.66 X ULN 7.8% 4.1% 4.3%
  Plasma
  Prothrombin Time
  increase
> 1.25 X ULN 3.9% 0.8% 0.6%
  Platelet Count
  decrease
< 75,000/mm3 3.1% 1.6% 2.8%

Additional adverse reactions identified in clinical studies, occurring in less than 1% of the patients, are listed below by body system:

Hepatobiliary System: hepatitis

Skin and Appendages: erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Patients co-infected with hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus

In subjects co-infected with hepatitis B or C virus receiving PREZISTA/rtv, the incidence of adverse events and clinical chemistry abnormalities was not higher than in subjects receiving PREZISTA/rtv who were not co-infected, except for increased hepatic enzymes. The pharmacokinetic exposure in co-infected subjects was comparable to that in subjects without co-infection. Standard clinical monitoring of patients with hepatitis co-infectionis considered adequate.

OVERDOSAGE

Human experience of acute overdose with PREZISTA/rtv is limited. Single doses up to 3200 mg of the oral solution of darunavir alone and up to 1600 mg of the tablet formulation of darunavir in combination with ritonavir have been administered to healthy volunteers without untoward symptomatic effects.

There is no specific antidote for overdose with PREZISTA. Treatment of overdose with PREZISTA consists of general supportive measures including monitoring of vital signs and observation of the clinical status of the patient. If indicated, elimination of unabsorbed active substance is to be achieved by emesis or gastric lavage. Administration of activated charcoal may also be used to aid in removal of unabsorbed active substance. Since PREZISTA is highly protein bound, dialysis is unlikely to be beneficial in significant removal of the active substance.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Adults

The recommended oral dose of PREZISTA tablets is 600 mg (two 300 mg tablets) twice daily taken with ritonavir 100 mg twice daily and with food. The type of food does not affect exposure to darunavir.

Pediatric Patients

The safety and efficacy of PREZISTA in pediatric patients has not been established (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Special Populations, Pediatric Patients).

Hepatic Impairment

There are no data regarding the use of PREZISTA/rtv when co-administered to patients with varying degrees of hepatic impairment; therefore, specific dosage recommendations cannot be made. PREZISTA/rtv should be used with caution in patients with hepatic impairment (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics in Adults, Special Populations, Hepatic Impairment and PRECAUTIONS, Patients with co-existing conditions, Hepatic Impairment).

Renal Impairment

No dose adjustment is required in patients with moderate renal impairment. There are no pharmacokinetic data available in HIV-1 infected patients with severe renal impairment or end stage renal disease (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics in Adults, Special Populations, Renal Impairment and PRECAUTIONS, Patients with co-existing conditions, Renal Impairment).

HOW SUPPLIED

PREZISTA (darunavir) tablets are supplied as orange, oval-shaped, film-coated tablets containing darunavir ethanolate equivalent to 300 mg of darunavir per tablet. Each tablet is debossed with "300" on one side and "TMC114" on the other side. PREZISTA tablets are packaged in bottles in the following configuration:

    300 mg tablets—bottles of 120 (NDC 59676-560-01)

Storage

Store PREZISTA tablets at 25°C (77°F); with excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).

Rx Only

Manufactured for Tibotec, Inc. by:
JOLLC, Gurabo, Puerto Rico
Distributed by:
Tibotec Therapeutics, Division of Ortho Biotech Products, L.P., Raritan NJ 08869

Patent Numbers: 5,843,946; 6,248,775; 6,335,460 and other US patents pending

© Tibotec, Inc. 2006

Revised: June 2007

10101702

PREZISTA1 (darunavir) Tablets
Patient Information about
PREZISTA (pre-ZIS-ta)
for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection
Generic name: darunavir (da-ROO-nuh-veer)

ALERT: Find out about medicines that should NOT be taken with PREZISTA. Please also read the section " Who should not take PREZISTA?".

Please read this information before you start taking PREZISTA. Also, read the leaflet each time you renew your prescription, just in case anything has changed. Remember, this leaflet does not take the place of careful discussions with your doctor. You and your doctor should discuss your treatment with PREZISTA the first time you take your medicine and at regular checkups. You should remain under a doctor's care when using PREZISTA and should not change or stop treatment without first talking with a doctor.

WHAT IS PREZISTA?

PREZISTA is an oral tablet used for the treatment of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection in adults. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). PREZISTA is a type of anti-HIV drug called a protease (PRO-tee-ase) inhibitor.

HOW DOES PREZISTA WORK?

PREZISTA blocks HIV protease, an enzyme which is needed for HIV to multiply. When used with other anti-HIV medicines, PREZISTA may reduce the amount of HIV in your blood (called "viral load") and increase your CD4 (T) cell count. HIV infection destroys CD4 (T) cells, which are important to the immune system. The immune system helps fight infection. Reducing the amount of HIV and increasing the CD4 (T) cell count may improve your immune system and, thus, reduce the risk of death or infections that can happen when your immune system is weak (opportunistic infections).

PREZISTA is always taken with and at the same time as 100 mg of ritonavir (NORVIR®), in combination with other anti-HIV medicines. PREZISTA should also be taken with food.

DOES PREZISTA CURE HIV OR AIDS?

PREZISTA does not cure HIV infection or AIDS. At present, there is no cure for HIV infection. People taking PREZISTA may still develop infections or other conditions associated with HIV infection. Because of this, it is very important for you to remain under the care of a doctor. Although PREZISTA is not a cure for HIV or AIDS, PREZISTA can help reduce your risks of getting illnesses associated with HIV infection (AIDS and opportunistic infection) and eventually dying from these conditions.

DOES PREZISTA REDUCE THE RISK OF PASSING HIV TO OTHERS?

PREZISTA does not reduce the risk of passing HIV to others through sexual contact, sharing needles, or being exposed to your blood. For your health and the health of others, it is important to always practice safer sex by using a latex or polyurethane condom or other barrier method to lower the chance of sexual contact with any body fluids such as semen, vaginal secretions, or blood. Never re-use or share needles.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions on how to prevent passing HIV to other people.

WHAT SHOULD I TELL MY DOCTOR BEFORE I TAKE PREZISTA?

Tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE PREZISTA?2

Together with your doctor, you need to decide whether taking PREZISTA is right for you.

Do not take PREZISTA if you:

Type of Drug Examples of Generic Names (Brand Names)
Antihistamines
(to treat allergy symptoms)
astemizole (Hismanal®)
terfenadine (Seldane®)
Ergot Derivatives
(to treat migraine and headaches)
dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45®, Migranal®)
ergonovine
ergotamine (Wigraine®, Ergostat®, Cafergot®, Ergomar®)
methylergonovine
Gastrointestinal Motility Agent
(to treat some digestive conditions)
cisapride (Propulsid®)
Neuroleptic
(to treat psychiatric conditions)
pimozide (Orap®)
Sedative/hypnotics
(to treat trouble with sleeping and/or anxiety)
midazolam (Versed®)
triazolam (Halcion®)

CAN PREZISTA BE TAKEN WITH OTHER MEDICATIONS?2

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements, including St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum). PREZISTA and many other medicines can interact. Sometimes serious side effects will happen if PREZISTA is taken with certain other medicines (see " Who should not take PREZISTA?").

Tell your doctor if you are taking estrogen-based contraceptives. PREZISTA might reduce the effectiveness of estrogen-based contraceptives. You must take additional precautions for birth control such as a condom.

Tell your doctor if you take other anti-HIV medicines. PREZISTA can be combined with some other anti-HIV medicines while other combinations are not recommended.

Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:

Type of Drug Examples of Generic Names (Brand Names)
Antiarrhythmics
(to treat abnormal heart rhythms)
bepridil (Vascor®)
lidocaine (Lidoderm®)
quinidine
amiodarone (Cordarone®)
Anticoagulants
(to prevent the clotting of red blood cells called platelets)
warfarin (Coumadin®)
Anticonvulsants
(to treat epilepsy and prevent seizures)
carbamazepine (Tegretol®, Carbatrol®)
phenobarbital
phenytoin (Dilantin®, Phenytek®)
Antidepressants trazodone (Desyrel®)
Anti-infectives
(to treat bacterial infections)
clarithromycin (Biaxin®)
Antifungals
(to treat fungal infections)
ketoconazole (Nizoral®)
itraconazole (Sporanox®)
voriconazole (Vfend®)
Antimycobacterials
(to treat bacterial infections)
rifabutin (Mycobutin®)
rifampin (Rifadin®, Rifater®, Rifamate®)
Calcium Channel Blockers
(to treat heart disease)
felodipine (Plendil®)
nifedipine (Adalat®)
nicardipine (Cardene®)
Corticosteroids
(to treat inflammation or asthma)
dexamethasone (Decadron®)
fluticasone propionate (Advair Diskus®, Cutivate®, Flonase®, Flovent Diskus®)
HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
(to lower cholesterol levels)
atorvastatin (Lipitor®)
lovastatin (Mevacor®)
pravastatin (Pravachol®)
rosuvastatin (Crestor®)
simvastatin (Zocor®)
Immunosuppressants
(to prevent organ transplant rejection)
cyclosporine (Sandimmune®, Neoral®)
tacrolimus (Prograf®)
sirolimus (Rapamune®)
Narcotic Analgesics methadone
PDE-5 Inhibitors
(to treat erectile dysfunction)
sildenafil (Viagra®)
vardenafil (Levitra®)
tadalafil (Cialis®)
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
(to treat depression, anxiety, or panic disorder)
paroxetine (Paxil®)
sertraline (Zoloft®)

Tell your doctor if you are taking any medicines that you obtained without a prescription.

This is not a complete list of medicines that you should tell your doctor that you are taking. Know and keep track of all the medicines you take and have a list of them with you. Show this list to all of your doctors and pharmacists any time you get a new medicine. Both your doctor and your pharmacist can tell you if you can take these other medicines with PREZISTA. Do not start any new medicines while you are taking PREZISTA without first talking with your doctor or pharmacist. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for a list of medicines that can interact with PREZISTA.

HOW SHOULD I TAKE PREZISTA?

Take PREZISTA tablets every day exactly as prescribed by your doctor. You must take ritonavir (NORVIR®) at the same time as PREZISTA. The usual dose is 600 mg (two 300 mg tablets) of PREZISTA, together with 100 mg (one 100 mg capsule) of ritonavir (NORVIR®), twice daily every day. It may be easier to remember to take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) if you take them at the same time every day. If you have questions about when to take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®), your doctor can help you decide which schedule works for you.

Take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) with food. The type of food is not important. Swallow the whole tablets with a drink such as water or milk. Do not chew the tablets.

Continue taking PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) unless your doctor tells you to stop. Take the exact amount of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) that your doctor tells you to take, right from the very start. To help make sure you will benefit from PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®), you must not skip doses or interrupt therapy. If you don't take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) as prescribed, the beneficial effects of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) may be reduced or even lost.

If you miss a dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) by more than 6 hours, wait and then take the next dose of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) at the regularly scheduled time. If you miss a dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) by less than 6 hours, take your missed dose of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) immediately. Then take your next dose of PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) at the regularly scheduled time.

You should always take PREZISTA and ritonavir (NORVIR®) together with food.

If a dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) is skipped, do not double the next dose. Do not take more or less than your prescribed dose of PREZISTA or ritonavir (NORVIR®) at any one time.

WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF PREZISTA?

Like all prescription drugs, PREZISTA can cause side effects. The following is not a complete list of side effects reported with PREZISTA when taken either alone or with other anti-HIV medicines. Do not rely on this leaflet alone for information about side effects. Your doctor can discuss with you a more complete list of side effects.

Mild to moderate rash has been reported in 7% of subjects receiving PREZISTA. In some patients, PREZISTA has been reported to cause a severe or life-threatening rash. Contact your healthcare provider if you develop a rash. Your healthcare provider will advise you whether your symptoms can be managed on therapy or whether PREZISTA should be stopped.

As with other protease inhibitors, PREZISTA may cause side effects, including:

The most common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, headache, and common cold.

Tell your doctor promptly about these or any other unusual symptoms. If the condition persists or worsens, seek medical attention.

HOW SHOULD I STORE PREZISTA TABLETS?

Store PREZISTA tablets at room temperature (77°F (25°C)). Short-term exposure to higher or lower temperatures [from 59°F (15°C) to 86°F (30°C)] is acceptable. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about storing your tablets.

This medication is prescribed for your particular condition. Do not use it for any other condition or give it to anybody else. Keep PREZISTA and all of your medicines out of the reach of children. If you suspect that more than the prescribed dose of this medicine has been taken, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.

This leaflet provides a summary of information about PREZISTA. If you have any questions or concerns about either PREZISTA or HIV, talk to your doctor.

For additional information, you may also call Tibotec Therapeutics at 1-800-325-7504.


2
The brands listed are the registered trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Tibotec, Inc.

1
Trademark of Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, Ltd.

Rx Only

Manufactured for Tibotec, Inc. by:
JOLLC, Gurabo, Puerto Rico
Distributed by:
Tibotec Therapeutics, Division of Ortho Biotech Products, L.P., Raritan NJ 08869

© Tibotec, Inc. 2006

Revised: June 2007

10101702


PREZISTA (darunavir ethanolate)
PRODUCT INFO
Product Code 59676-560 Dosage Form TABLET, FILM COATED
Route Of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety) Type Strength
darunavir ethanolate (darunavir) Active 300 MILLIGRAM  In 1 TABLET
colloidal silicon dioxide Inactive  
crospovidone Inactive  
magnesium stearate Inactive  
microcrystalline cellulose Inactive  
OPADRY® Orange Inactive  
FD&C Yellow No. 6 Inactive  
polyethylene glycol 3350 Inactive  
polyvinyl alcohol-partially hydrolyzed Inactive  
talc Inactive  
titanium dioxide Inactive  
IMPRINT INFORMATION
Characteristic Appearance Characteristic Appearance
Color ORANGE (ORANGE) Score 1
Shape OVAL (oval-shaped) Symbol false
Imprint Code TMC114;300 Coating true
Size 17mm
PACKAGING
# NDC Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 59676-560-01 120 TABLET In 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC None

Revised: 08/2007Tibotec, Inc.

Data are from FDA and U.S. National Library of Medicine.